samedi 16 juillet 2011

Indécence grecque : Papandréou réclame toujours plus de sous aux contribuables européens

    "Vite aider la Grèce" (Papandréou)
    Avec AFP
    13/07/2011 | Mise à jour : 22:32

La Grèce a besoin rapidement d'une nouvelle aide de la zone euro et du Fonds monétaire international (FMI), sinon ses réformes économiques vont échouer, met en garde le Premier ministre grec George Papandréou dans un entretien à paraître jeudi dans le Financial Times Deutschland.

"L'atmosphère actuelle ne nous aide pas à nous sortir de cette crise", explique M. Papandréou, selon un texte diffusé par le FTD mercredi soir. "Cette insécurité fait peur aux investisseurs. Si nous n'avons pas rapidement une décision qui défende un deuxième programme (d'aide) à la Grèce et qui permette au pays d'entreprendre ses profondes réformes, alors le programme (d'aide) lui-même échouera", explique-t-il.

Le chef du gouvernement grec s'est dire ouvert aux idées circulant actuellement, comme le rachat à prix cassés de sa dette sur le marché avec l'argent versé par les Européens et le FMI. Le fonds de secours international en place dans la zone euro (FESF) prévoit cette possibilité et Berlin a semblé mercredi s'y ranger. "Cette idée pourrait alléger le fardeau de la dette de la Grèce, et aussi le service de cette dette", a expliqué M. Papandréou Mais il faut selon lui faire vite: "cela pourrait théoriquement prendre deux semaines, ou beaucoup plus longtemps, ce qui provoquerait nettement plus de dégâts".

George Papandréou s'est refusé à pronostiquer une date de retour de la Grèce sur les marchés financiers, estimant que cela dépendait largement de l'attitude de l'UE et du FMI. "Plus ils sembleront décidés à s'occuper du problème, plus tôt nous pourrons revenir sur le marché", a-t-il dit.
Source : http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/2011/07/13/97002-20110713FILWWW00606-vite-aider-la-grece-papandreou.php

vendredi 15 juillet 2011

L'arrogance inouïe d'Evangélos Vénizélos

La Grèce refuse le «défaut partiel»

Alors que les ministres des Finances européens tentent de trouver une solution pour sauver la Grèce de la faillite, le pays a rejeté toute possibilité de procéder à un défaut partiel.

Alors que les marchés ont plongé lundi soir sur des craintes d'une contagion de la crise de la dette en Europe, les grands argentiers de la zone euro ont tenté de rassurer les marchés financiers. «Il s'agit de résister à un risque de contagion» à l'Italie, qui semble être la nouvelle cible des marchés, ou à l'Espagne, et de «préserver la stabilité financière de la zone euro», a précisé le chef de l'Eurogroupe, Jean-Claude Junker.

Ainsi l'Europe tente-t-elle de mettre en place un second plan d'aide aux pays, et dans ce cadre, le groupe de travail chargé de trouver une solution pour sauver le pays de la faillite n'exclut désormais plus un «défaut partiel» de la Grèce. Une possibilité écartée par le ministre grec des Finances Evangélos Vénizélos. «Nous voulons une couverture totale de nos besoins d'emprunt et de la stabilité du système financier grec, qui est une partie du système financier européen, affirme-t-il. Cette couverture doit être offerte soit par la BCE soit par l'Eurozone et les Etats membres, soit d'autres organismes comme le fonds de soutien. Il n'y a pas d'autre possibilité».

Les dirigeants européens n'ont pas réussi à rassurer complètement les marchés financiers. Les pistes de mesures que les ministres des Finances de la zone euro, ont lancé lundi soir, augmentation de la taille du Fonds de secours financier (440 milliards d'euros) et allongement des maturités des prêts- n'ont pas convaincu les investisseurs à l'ouverture de la Bourse de Paris, le Cac 40 reculant de plus de 2%.

En revanche, après avoir annoncé qu'un sommet extraordinaire pourrait avoir lieu vendredi, les marchés financiers se sont quelque peu repris. Le Cac 40 a ainsi clôturé en recul de 0,98% à 3770,21 points. «Plus que des chiffres, les investisseurs ont surtout besoin d'un calendrier précis», affirme Franklin Pichard, directeur Barclays Bourse. La nouvelle directrice générale du FMI, Christine Lagarde, a ainsi rappelé aux dirigeants européens l'importance de mettre en oeuvre rapidement les mesures promises.
La communauté internationale «ne peut pas sauver l'Espagne»

La ministre espagnole de l'Économie, Elena Salgado, a estimé mardi qu'il n'était «pas logique» que l'Espagne et l'Italie soient «affectées par l'instabilité des marchés», car leurs économies sont «fortes et diversifiées». «Si nous sommes capables de transmettre la détermination que nous avons tous, les marchés devraient raisonnablement se calmer», a-t-elle ajouté.

Mais les marchés, eux, ne voient pas les choses de cette manière : «alors que la communauté internationale peut sauver la Grèce, l'Irlande et le Portugal, elle ne pourra pas sauver l'Espagne, trop important contributeur de la zone euro», a expliqué lundi Laurent Geronimi, directeur de la gestion des taux chez Swiss Life Gestion Privée.
Source : http://www.lefigaro.fr/conjoncture/2011/07/12/04016-20110712ARTFIG00231-zone-euro-l-europe-et-le-fmi-jouent-l-apaisement.php

jeudi 14 juillet 2011

Des étudiants grecs témoignent, avec clairvoyance et honnêteté, de certains problèmes dans les mentalités grecques

Greece’s young seek better life abroad
Thursday, 14 July 2011 07:42

The Greek economic crisis is forcing young people to move away from home and get married later in life.

GREEK students Dimitris Sannas and Elisavet Doulia take only a second to answer a question on the future prospects of their homeland:

“Bleak, frighteningly bleak. All of my friends want to go abroad. Greece’s fat years are behind her and it’s all downhill from here,” Doulia says.

Doulia, who studied communications, has applied to a master’s programme in art history at an English university. She will pack her bags in September. She says that she is tired of the fact that in Greece, finding work depends on knowing the right people.

“And the problem isn’t just that there’s no work here. I don’t like the mentality of Greeks. People are used to swindling here and to an all-too-easy life. There are government officials who don’t even go to work but still collect a pay cheque.”

Sannas, who has lived in Finland for three years and studied social work, feels similarly. He says that it was easy to find an internship position in Athens, but permanent positions are few and far between. A move abroad, preferably to Britain, seems inevitable.

“Greeks have been emigrating for decades now. This country doesn’t give its young people a chance. The older generations are afraid of new ideas, they want to protect their own jobs,” he laments.

Longer at home

Bachelor’s studies and schoolbooks are free for Greek students. But recently professors have begun to request payment for study materials. The government does not offer financial aid to students, so they generally live at home with their parents until they graduate. Sannas says that the economic crisis has forced young people to put off flying the nest even further.

“Young people don’t dare to get married or start a family. It’s impossible to live alone in Athens on current salary levels. The rents are insane.”

Doulia explains that Greek parents put aside savings for their children’s education. Although teaching is free in principle, in practice parents have to pay for language courses during primary school in order to pass the secondary school entrance exams.

“Now the government is planning to privatise universities in order to make studying a business. It will take this country further in the direction of inequality,” Sannas adds.

For him the most important incentive for moving to Finland was the tuition-free master’s degree. He felt at home in Tampere and would be happy to return to Finland if finding work did not require flawless Finnish.

Police lethargic

Sannas and Doulia agree that if Greece is to survive its current economic malaise, it will need to change all the way down to its grass roots. Corruption must no longer be accepted.

“We have no controls. People can evade taxes quite freely and the police don’t lift a finger,” says Sannas.

He is angry that the middle class is once again forced to pay for the mistakes of Greek politicians. The country’s rich survive unscathed because they bribe decision-makers.

“Politicians should open their purse strings and do their part for the good of the country.”

SAARA KOHO – STT
MATTHEW PARRY – HT
LEHT IKUVA - CHRIS CHRISTIDIS
LEHT IKUVA - YIANNIS KELESAKOS
Source : http://www.helsinkitimes.fi/htimes/helsinki/business-hub/16003-greeces-young-seek-better-life-abroad.html

Bilan de l'explosion de la base navale à Chypre : 12 morts, dont le commandant en chef de la marine et le commandant de la base, et 62 blessés

Chypre: 12 morts dans l'explosion dévastatrice d'une cargaison d'armes

Publié le 11-07-11 à 07:32    Modifié le 12-07-11 à 10:12 

L'explosion d'une cargaison d'armes iranienne a fait 12 morts et 62 blessés, dont deux graves, lundi matin sur la principale base navale du sud de Chypre, l'accident militaire le plus grave depuis l'invasion du nord de l'île par la Turquie en 1974.

Le commandant de la marine chypriote, Andreas Ioannides, et le commandant de la base, Lambros Lambrou, ont été tués, ainsi que quatre officiers et six pompiers. Le gouvernement a décrété un deuil national de trois jours.

L'explosion a fortement endommagé la principale centrale thermique de l'île, quasi attenante à l'enceinte militaire, qui a stoppé net sa production alors qu'elle fournissait 60% de l'électricité de Chypre.

Les réparations pourraient prendre des semaines, voire des mois, entraînant sur toute l'île d'importantes coupures d'électricité, ainsi que d'eau, dans la mesure où les usines de dessalinisation, très énergivores, ont été arrêtées.

Dans ce contexte, la Bourse de Nicosie a plongé de plus de 7% lundi.


La déflagration a aussi endommagé des véhicules et des bâtiments et soufflé toutes les fenêtres dans les villages de Mari et de Zygi, très prisés des touristes pour leurs restaurants de poissons. Certains habitants ont été évacués dans la matinée mais ont pu regagner leur maison.

La circulation sur l'unique autoroute reliant la capitale Nicosie, dans le centre de l'île, à Limassol, la deuxième ville du pays, sur la côte septentrionale, a été coupée plusieurs heures, la route passant à moins d'un kilomètre de la base militaire.

Les automobilistes qui s'y trouvaient lors de la série d'explosions ont raconté avoir vu des débris voler dans les airs. Des habitants des villages voisins ont dit avoir entendu une énorme explosion, qu'ils ont d'abord attribuée à un accident d'avion pour certains ou à un tremblement de terre.

L'accident, provoqué par des feux de broussailles partis de la campagne environnante, s'est produit à 5H50 (2H50 GMT) dans un local du camp Evangelos Florakis, où étaient entreposés 98 conteneurs de poudres à canon qui faisaient partie d'une cargaison d'armes saisie en mer en 2009 sur un navire en provenance d'Iran et à destination de la Syrie.

Le souffle a été tel qu'il ne reste plus aucune trace du dépôt d'armes, seulement un cratère,
a raconté le président du Parlement, Yiannakis Omirou, après s'être rendu sur les lieux dont l'accès est interdit à la presse. Depuis la route, seule une tour de garde semblait avoir résisté à l'explosion.

Les munitions iraniennes qui ont explosé avaient été saisies en janvier 2009 sur un navire battant pavillon chypriote qui faisait route vers la Syrie.
L'ONU a conclu en mars qu'elles étaient en violation avec l'embargo imposé à l'Iran dans le cadre des sanctions liées à son programme nucléaire controversé.

Il s'agit d'une "tragédie aux dimensions bibliques", a commenté le ministre chypriote du Commerce, Antonis Paschalides, sur la radio publique, tandis que l'opposition s'est déchaînée contre cette catastrophe annoncée.

Le ministre de la Défense, Costas Papacostas, et le commandant de la Garde nationale, Petros Tsaliklides, ont démissionné. Selon la radio publique et l'agence chypriote CNA, de haut gradés de la Garde nationale s'étaient récemment inquiétés des conditions d'entreposage de cette cargaison d'armes.

L'Union européenne et l'ONU ont proposé leur aide. La Grèce a envoyé des experts en explosifs pour aider à l'enquête et promis deux générateurs pour soutenir la production d'électricité.

Les autorités ont appelé la population au civisme pour limiter la consommation d'électricité, exhortant en particulier à limiter l'usage des climatiseurs, alors que les températures oscillent entre 35 et 40 degrés celsius en cette saison sur l'île.

A Paris, l'office du tourisme chypriote a diffusé un communiqué assurant que les aéroports, les hôtels et les sites touristiques fonctionnaient normalement, tout en appelant les touristes à limiter eux aussi l'usage des climatiseurs.
Source : http://tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/actualite/monde/20110711.AFP6802/chypre-12-morts-dans-l-explosion-devastatrice-d-une-cargaison-d-armes.html

mercredi 13 juillet 2011

Grèce : un touriste britannique de 18 ans sauvagement tué

British tourist stabbed to death in Greece

Teenager dies after late-night row with taxi drivers in holiday resort



    Helena Smith in Athens
    guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 13 July 2011 19.53 BST

A British holidaymaker has been killed and four of his friends injured on the Greek island of Zakynthos after a row with a taxi driver.

Robert Sebbage, 18, from Tadley near Basingstoke, was stabbed to death at 3am in the resort of Laganas. Police said fighting broke out after taxi drivers were harassed by tourists as they ate at a fast-food restaurant.

"The Greek driver got angry when the Britons, who were obviously drunk, started shining lasers at him outside the restaurant. He and another driver got into a heated argument [with them] and then it seems he just lost it and went on the attack with a knife," said Athanasios Nistas, the duty officer at the island's main police station. "It's unprecedented, totally unbelievable. I am at a loss for words."

Four other British teenagers were wounded in the attack. They are also thought to be from Basingstoke.

"Most of them sustained back wounds and are now recovering at the hospital," Nistas said.

A Foreign Office spokesman said: "We can confirm that five British nationals were involved in a serious incident in Zakynthos, Greece.

"Sadly, this resulted in the death of one British national and the hospitalisation of four others, one in a serious condition. We are in regular contact with the families of those involved, and are providing consular assistance."

The taxi driver, who has not been named, allegedly confessed to the stabbing at his home a few hours later. Another driver is also expected to be charged.

Both men, who are in police custody, appeared before a magistrate on the island and asked for the summons to be delayed in order to prepare their defence. Under Greek law they could be given up to three days before being formally charged.

"His line of defence seems to be that he was provoked," said Dimitris Angeloudis, the duty officer at Laganas. "Nothing like this has ever happened before. People are in a state of shock."

Sebbage, a devoted football fan, was chosen to be a mascot for the England team in a friendly against Brazil at the new Wembley Stadium when he was 14 and posed for photos next to David Beckham. He was picked by the Rays of Sunshine children's charity because he suffered from a bowel disorder called Eosinophilic colitis and gut dysmotility. He spent much of his life with stomach pains and had had to have part of his intestine removed.

Laganas is notorious for the alcohol-fuelled antics of the thousands of young Britons who visit it every year. A number of deaths involving holidaymakers have occurred at the resort in recent years. "A lot of police officers are frightened to drive through the town at night, because inevitably they become the target of young, drunken tourists throwing bottles at cars," said Nistas. "But I can tell you that this has really shocked us all."
Outraged British holidaymakers prepared to stage a protest rally in the resort. Police said the stabbing threatened to turn the resort from a place of simmering, if tolerated, tensions between locals and Britons into a potentially explosive cauldron.

"I have worked in Zante [as Zakynthos is also known] for the past six years and during this time there have been many problems with taxi drivers," said a local British DJ who claims he beaten up by a group of drivers two weeks ago.

"They steal customers' money, drive dangerously, or drop off people in random places far away from their hotel," he told the Guardian. "These crimes seriously need to be dealt with and exposed. Zante is a very corrupt place. The police seem not to care about these problems for fear it will affect tourism."
Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/13/british-tourist-killed-zakynthos-zante

Explosion de la base navale à Chypre : la République Turque de Chypre du Nord (RTCN) offre de l'aide aux Chypriotes grecs malgré leur haine anti-turque

TRNC OFFERS AID TO SOUTHERN CYPRUS
12.07.2011

President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Derviş Eroğlu and Prime Minister Irsen Kucuk offered aid to Southern Cyprus due to the damage from the explosion at the “Egangelos Florakis” naval base yesterday.

Eroglu and Kucuk stressed that they were ready to help the Greek Cypriot side if any claim was raised.

At least 12 people have been killed and 55 injured in the explosion.

After the explosion some power stations are out of service and there are power cuts at many areas.
Source : http://www.trncpio.org/trncpio/en/index.asp?sayfa=haberdetay&newsid=1587

samedi 9 juillet 2011

Le ministre de l'Economie hongrois Gyorgy Matolcsy s'en prend vivement à la Grèce malhonnête : elle n'aurait jamais dû rentrer dans la zone Euro et même dans l'UE

Greece shouldn't have been let into euro - Hungary minister

By Gergely Szakacs

BUDAPEST | Thu Jul 7, 2011 9:16pm IST

(Reuters) - Weaker EU states such as Greece should never have been allowed into the euro zone, a Hungarian minister said on Thursday, adding that his country was not yet strong enough to join.

Hungary would only be ready to join the euro in about 2018-2020, Economy Minister Gyorgy Matolcsy said, and did not rule out that some countries would have to abandon the single currency.


Hungary, which limped through the global crisis on an International Monetary Fund/EU loan, meets none of the criteria of euro entry. Neither central European heavyweight Poland, nor nearby Czech Republic have a timetable to join the euro.

"Greece should not have been allowed into the European Union and especially into the euro zone. These are serious words, which I could not have uttered a few days ago as chairman of the Ecofin just a few days ago," Matolcsy told a public discussion just a few days after the end of Hungary's EU presidency.

"But I must agree with those who said that a bad political decision was made when Greece was allowed to join,"
he said.

Matolcsy said the European Union should have built up fiscal safeguards, such as stronger budget monitoring and penalties for offenders it is working on now, to protect Europe from "continuous cheating by the Greeks."

He said Europe was out of good solutions on Greece and will eventually opt for either of the remaining bad solutions. He did not elaborate.

"Historically, from 1999, it would have been better to adopt only those countries into the euro zone, who can sustain this heightened competitiveness currency," Matolcsy said.

"It would have been better not to let the southern, southwestern range enter, but now they are in," he said. "I do not rule out that they make a decision that not all of them will remain a member, it will be their decision to make."

He did not name any country in particular in this respect.

Matolcsy said in the future only highly competitive countries with rock-solid public finances should be allowed to enter the single currency area to avoid a repeat of the bloc's raging debt crisis.

"If you are strong, it is good to be inside the euro zone. If you are weak, it is life-threatening," Matolcsy said.

"Given that we are weak and meanwhile the euro zone crisis has also erupted, I think Prime Minister Viktor Orban is right in saying that we can become a member of the euro zone in around 2018-2020," he said.

(Reporting by Gergely Szakacs; Editing by Anna Willard)
Source : http://in.reuters.com/article/2011/07/07/idINIndia-58137720110707

Augmentation du nombre de suicides en Grèce

Suicide rise in Greece, EU, tied to crisis

 Researchers attribute increase to impact of economic upheaval on income, psychology

Suicides rates rose sharply between 2007 and 2009 in several European countries including Greece as the repercussions of a broader economic crisis pushed up unemployment and slashed household incomes, British and US researchers said on Friday.

"We can already see that the countries facing the most severe financial reversals of fortune, such as Greece and Ireland, had greater rises in suicides,” said David Stuckler, a sociologist at Britain's Cambridge University, who worked on the analysis, published in the Lancet journal.

Stuckler and colleagues found that suicide rates were up 17 percent in Greece and 13 percent in Ireland.

"Even though we're starting to see signs of a financial recovery, what we're now also seeing is a human crisis,» Stuckler told Reuters. «There's likely to be a long tail of human suffering following the downturn,» said Stuckler who worked with Martin McKee of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and Sanjay Basu of the University of California San Francisco on the analysis.

The researchers said they did not yet have enough data to reliably estimate how many deaths in total could be linked to the financial crisis.

The same research also led to the conclusion that rates of road deaths in the region fell during the same period, possibly because a widespread drop in income led to people using their cars less.

At the end of last month, Health Minister Andreas Loverdos told Parliament that the number of people taking their own lives in Greece had increased by 40 percent but he did not explicitly link the rise to the economic crisis.

Loverdos noted that Greece remained among the countries with the lowest suicide rates, according to the World Health Organization (6.5 suicides per 100,000 residents last year).

This figure is believed to be lower than the real number, however, as many suicides are not reported due to the refusal of the Orthodox Church to conduct religious services for those who take their own lives.

ekathimerini.com , Friday Jul 8, 2011 (12:51)   
Source : http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_26390_08/07/2011_397586

L'expulsion de la Grèce de la zone Euro est désormais sérieusement envisagée

Analysis - Taboo eases on talk of Greek euro zone exit

By Philip Blenkinsop

BRUSSELS | Fri Jul 8, 2011 9:00am BST

(Reuters) - Dismissed as foolish fantasy a year ago, the prospect of Greece leaving the euro zone has become a topic worthy of serious discussion among experts handling the crisis in recent weeks.

In public, the official line remains that no member will exit the single currency bloc, but policymakers are at least willing to exchange views on an intellectual level.


Is thinking the unthinkable a first step towards carrying it out? It would not be the first time euro zone officials have put the impossible into action.

In bailing out Greece, Ireland and Portugal, the bloc has already broken its rule that member states cannot assume the liabilities of others -- the supposed "no bailout" clause.

One of the senior euro zone officials involved in crafting the rescue packages, who is leaving Brussels after several years, was asked to write an assessment for their government of the crisis with a view on where the situation was headed in the coming years.

Wondering whether there would still be 17 members of the single currency by the end of the decade, the official opined in the report, the contents of which were related to Reuters:

"There may well still be 17 members, but whether it will be the same 17 members is an open question."

Among non euro-zone member states -- which include Britain, Sweden and Denmark -- senior Brussels-based officials express relief at not having joined the club and often privately discuss the once-unthinkable possibility of a state dropping out.

The euro project is at best faltering, but it is unclear whether the sovereign debt crisis will bring it to an end or whether it will emerge from a difficult teenage phase.

The 1992 Maastricht Treaty, which laid out the goal of establishing economic and monetary union, resolved to converge as well as strengthen the EU's economies. A levelling-out of wealth and prices across the region was a long-term aim.

Critics, and the evidence, suggest that has been a failure.

In 2010, prices for consumer goods and services were more than 20 percent above the EU average in Finland and some 30 percent below in fellow euro zone member Slovakia.

Income inequality has also increased, although not shot up, in the past decade, with the richest 20 percent in the euro zone now earning five times more than the poorest 20 percent.

While few actually expect a country to abandon the single currency, the chances of it happening have substantially increased since the crisis began in late 2009, with a growing consensus that Greece will prove unable to pay its bills.

It could default and stay within the euro zone, but it is unlikely to achieve the necessary improvement of its competitive position without devaluing, by exiting the single currency.

Emergency aid may take the form of loans not hand-outs, but many economists believe a Greek default is inevitable and that its bailout, set to be doubled, is only buying time.

Financial markets certainly seem to think so.

The prices of credit default swaps imply a 80 percent chance of Greece defaulting and a probability just short of 50 percent for Ireland and Portugal.

Jean Pisani-Ferry, director of the Brussels-based Bruegel thinktank, says that to return to markets, Greece would need to reduce its debt-to-GDP ratio considerably below a current level of some 150 percent. That would require creating a sustained primary surplus of more than 8 percent, he said.

However, no advanced economy other than oil-rich Norway has consistently been able to achieve a surplus above 6 percent.

"The situation is so exceptionally severe that it's hard to see how it can work," Pisani-Ferry said.

There is a risk that, as Greece struggles to push through austerity and is chastised on a regular basis by the EU, IMF and European Central Bank -- the troika of experts who oversee Athens' progress -- further market turmoil will be triggered.

Bank of America Merrill Lynch economists believe troika reviews at the end of November 2011 and of February 2012 will be particularly important in assessing Greece's progress.

Policymakers have consistently said a default would be catastrophic, but if it is indeed inevitable, all that can be controlled is when it should happen and how to contain it.

Senior EU officials repeatedly said there was no "Plan B" for Greece in the run-up to last month's Greek parliamentary votes in favour of austerity measures.

But the EU's top economic official, Olli Rehn, said there was "no Plan B to avoid default," implying that a contingency plan might have existed, albeit one which involved a Greek default taking place -- which would break another taboo.

If you believe a Greek default is inevitable, the question is how it should proceed.

Greece could skip interest payments or reduce the principal owed and still stay within the euro zone. Creditors, banks and taxpayers within and outside Greece would take a huge hit, but Greece would still be forced to carry out savage austerity just to cut its primary deficit to zero.

A devaluation via a Greek exit from the euro would be even more tumultuous, with a likely run on Greek banks as savers withdraw their euro-denominated assets.

Greece, with a modest export to GDP ratio of some 20-25 percent, would still struggle.

"Devaluation works best if you have a strong export sector. For Greece it is small and on average imports deducted from growth more than exports added," said Carsten Brzeski, an economist with ING in Brussels.

However, for an increasingly vocal number of commentators, devaluation is the only viable option.

"To have an economic future Greece has to be competitive," said Martin Jacomb, the chairman of Shire Plc and a former Bank of England director. "This involves, especially for sectors such as the tourist industry, lower real wages and that is almost impossible to achieve harmoniously without devaluation."

He points to Argentina, Latin America's third-largest economy which defaulted on $100 billion (62 billion pounds) of debt in 2002 and dropped the peso's link to the U.S. dollar, and also to the post-split successor states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, which proved able to adopt different currencies.

Argentina rapidly returned to economic growth of around 9 percent, but the reputation it earned and its failure since to return to global capital markets in the face of U.S. litigation mean euro zone policymakers do not see it as a model to follow.

"This was less messy because they still had the peso, albeit devalued, but we have seen countries split and each part develop their own currencies successfully," Jacomb said.

(Additional reporting by Luke Baker; editing by Philippa Fletcher)
Source : http://uk.reuters.com/article/2011/07/08/uk-eurozone-greece-idUKTRE76713X20110708

vendredi 8 juillet 2011

Mauvaise nouvelle pour Athènes : la Grèce ne peut pas remplacer la Turquie pour Israël

Israel's new friend: Why Greece is thwarting Gaza flotilla

By Joshua Mitnick | Published Wed, Jul 6 2011 8:42 am

An unexpected player has come to Israel's aid in thwarting this year's Gaza-bound flotilla: Greece.

It's a country Israel has been courting since a raid on last year's flotilla ended in the death of nine Turkish citizens, severely damaging relations between the Jewish state and one of its most important Mediterranean allies. Desperate for new friends in the region, Israel reached out to Greece, offering generous military assistance to the debt-ridden state.

The fruits of that emerging friendship have been on display over the past week. First, Greek bureaucrats sought to delay the departure of the ships laden with activists and some aid meant to highlight the humanitarian effect of Israel's blockade on Gaza. When the US and Canadian boats finally departed, armed Greek commandos forced them back to shore.

Now it appears the flotilla is unlikely to sail or else be very tiny – thus exerting little pressure on Israel, which has wielded diplomatic power to greater effect than the military force it displayed last year.

"There seems to be one thing that the [flotilla] organizers failed to take into account: Greece's attitude towards the flotilla, and the dramatic change that has occurred in Israeli-Greek relations in the past year," wrote Menachem Ganz in the Israeli daily newspaper Yediot Ahronot.

How Israel has cultivated ties with Greece

The shift in Israeli-Greek relations began within months after an Israeli raid on the Mavi Marmara left nine Turkish activists dead, including one with dual American citizenship. While Turkey kept its ambassador to Israel at home in protest, Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou paid a visit to Israel – the first in 18 years. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu quickly followed up with a visit to Greece.

That marked something of a break with Mr. Papandreou’s father, Andreas, who as prime minister cultivated close ties with the Palestine Liberation Organization and its leader Yasser Arafat.

While the Israeli and Turkish militaries halted joint exercises, Israeli and Greek air forces began training together, giving Israeli pilots added airspace for practice. The tension in Israel-Turkey ties prompted tens of thousands of Israeli tourists who once flocked to Turkish resorts to look for vacation packages in the neighboring Greek isles instead.

"There’s been intensive investment in ties with Greece since Israeli Turkey ties declined – especially in military ties,’’ says Alon Liel, a former Israeli diplomat who was once posted Turkey.

Mr. Liel said that Israel has offered Greece military supply deals with generous financing terms.

"Greece is a very vulnerable country now, with needs…. They need everything at the moment.’’

Still, Greece's help no substitute for Turkey's heft

The flotilla controversy comes as world attention is fixed on Athens, which last week passed austerity measures to comply with an international debt relief program to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt.

On Thursday, Mr. Netanyahu thanked European leaders for discouraging the flotilla, and mentioned by name Papandreou – who then asked for help in obtaining tear gas to rein in protesters at home.

In the coming days, Netanyahu is scheduled to visit Balkan states, which Israel has also tried to court in the wake of the falling out with Turkey.

The warmth in ties with Greece is one factor that has spurred recent talks between Israel and Turkey aimed at a reconciliation over the flotilla blow-up last year, analysts say.

Two weeks before Greece’s flotilla clampdown, Turkish government officials also discouraged Turkish activists from participating. Turkish and Israeli negotiators are also reportedly finalizing the details of a United Nations report on the flotilla, which is expected to include words of regret – if not apology – and some sort of compensation for Turkey.

Amid the Arab Spring, both Turkey and Israel have an interest in minimizing tensions in their relationship. With Syria in turmoil next door, Turkey has absorbed more than 12,000 refugees in recent weeks. And while Israel's budding alliance with Greece is paying dividends this week, Athens' weight is no substitute for Ankara's regional heft.

"Turkey was always perceived as a strategic ally, vital ally," said a Western diplomat based in Jerusalem. "Greece certainly cannot replace Turkey. It’s bankrupt, with a smaller population, not as respected in Europe, its military is much smaller. But in the absence of Turkey, having warm relations with Greece is useful, and we are seeing that now.''
Source : http://www.minnpost.com/worldcsm/2011/07/06/29758/israels_new_friend_why_greece_is_thwarting_gaza_flotilla

La Grèce indépendante : une nation historiquement en défaut de paiement la moitié du temps

    April 26, 2010, 11:55 AM ET

Default and Greece: History’s Judgment


By Matthew Dalton

If the Greek government, its creditors and the European Union are hoping to prevent Greece from defaulting on its debt, they should know that history isn’t on their side.
While a European sovereign default has appeared inconceivable in recent history, defaults and debt reschedulings were actually a common feature of the European financial landscape throughout the nineteenth century and up until the end of World War II, according to the economists Carmen Reinhart and Kenneth Rogoff.

Greece has defaulted or rescheduled its debt five times since gaining independence in 1829, the economists wrote in their paper “This Time Is Different,” published in 2008 and recently expanded into a book. Spain has the lead in Europe at 13 times since 1476. Germany and France have both done it 8 times, while the U.K. has never done it since William the Conqueror invaded in 1066.

Greece, however, has existed in a “perpetual state of default” since its independence, the economists write, having spent 50.6% of those years in default or rescheduling, easily tops in Europe. Russia is next highest, with 39.1% of years spent as a bad debtor after defaulting or rescheduling five times.

Hungary has perhaps the highest rate of default or rescheduling, having done it seven times since gaining independence in 1918.

Defaults and rescheduling in Western Europe went the way of the dodo since World War II, a fact that a number of economists attribute to the strong financial regulation that emerged in the post-War period. Of the countries that are now part of the EU, only Romania (1981, 1986) and Poland (1981) have defaulted since 1941.

But: “Major default episodes are typically spaced some years (or decades) apart, creating an illusion that “this time is different” among policymakers and investors,” the economists warn.

The authors, writing in 2008, say that Greece and a few other European countries have escaped their status as serial defaulters by integrating into Europe, but they end the paper with a prophecy: “Concluding that countries like Hungary and Greece will never default again because “this time is different due to the European Union” may prove a very short-lived truism.”
Source : http://blogs.wsj.com/brussels/2010/04/26/default-and-greece-historys-judgment/

mercredi 6 juillet 2011

L'argent des contribuables allemands part dans les poches du milliardaire grec Spiros Latsis

Greece bail out Why is German taxpayers' cash going to a Greek billionaire?
11.05.2010 — 10:54 Uhr
By J.-W. SCHÄFER

He is a very, very rich man – and will soon profit from very, very generous German hand-outs…

Spiros Latsis, who according to ‘Forbes’ has a fortune of €4 billion, is the wealthiest man in Greece.

He lives a life of luxury enjoyed in private. He mingles with leading lights from the world of entertainment and business. And politics!

The 63-year-old made his money through oil, shipping, housing – and banking. He lives by Lake Geneva and has villas in numerous European cities as well as yachts and private jets.

“He lives discretely and shuns publicity,” wrote the ‘Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung’ newspaper.

With his EFG Group, Latsis helped bail out the Greek government amongst others in 1998 by buying the bankrupt Kretabank from the state for a surprisingly high sum of money.

Afterwards, the government let him come on board with oil giant Hellenic Petroleum.

In Greece this doesn’t surprise anyone – you help each other out.

Just like when Latsis’ bank took on €12 billion high interest government bonds under very beneficial circumstances. That helped the Greek state make ends meet again – and boosted the billionaire’s bank account by no small amount thanks to the high interest.

And that effect is ongoing and will soon pay dividends again thanks to German taxpayers…


The IMF and the Eurozone countries, above all Germany, will help out Greece to the tune of €45 billion in new credit.
That will allow the essentially-bankrupt country to pay interest and old, running out debts on time – amongst them Latsis’ government bonds.

“His bank might hold the largest amount of Greek bonds of all,” one Frankfurt banker told BILD.

And so starting from next week, the German taxpayer will be handing over cash to a Greek billionaire – practically filling up the bag for him.
Source : http://www.bild.de/news/bild-english/news/why-is-german-taxpayers-money-going-to-greek-billionaire-12385644.bild.html

D'après le Bild, les Allemands en ont assez de payer pour les luxueuses pensions des Grecs

German anger at paying for luxury Greek pensions
30.04.2010 — 10:22 Uhr
By D. HOEREN

It is only a matter of days until Germany starts handing out billions in aid to the Greeks, according to Chancellor Angela Merkel.

But for some experts, Greece is just a bottomless pit. And now anger is increasing in Germany, with many asking why they should pay for things like the luxury Greek pension system.

• Especially startling: Anyone who started receiving their money before 1993 and had been working for 35 years can, according to Eurostat, count on an 80 per cent pension (related to average earnings over the last five working years). Anyone beginning after 1993 would get 70 per cent.

• In Germany, the number lies between 46 and, in the future, 42 per cent. It is related to the average wage of the entire working life.

• The Greeks receive 14 pension payments a year – monthly plus an extra one at Easter and at Christmas. Germans only get 12 instalments.


• Pensions increase in Greece at a rate usually higher than the consumer price index. Between 2004 and 2006, there was a pay freeze on pensions in Germany but Greeks saw a 11 per cent rise. It is only now that levels have been frozen there.

• The Greeks have to pay contributions towards pensions, but – unlike in Germany – not towards health care or social costs.
And then there is another strange special Greek provision: Unmarried daughters of soldiers and police officers inherit the pensions of their fathers and receive it for the rest of their lives.

Will Germans soon have to take on the responsibility for that?

The fact is that in Greece, the employee's contribution is only 6.67 per cent of the gross wage compared to 9.95 per cent in Germany. The government contributes a subsidy from tax revenues.

That means that with a broke Athens seeking outside help, Germany and the rest of the EU aid givers must start pouring cash into the bottomless Greek pension pit...
Source : http://www.bild.de/news/bild-english/news/german-anger-at-paying-luxury-greek-pensions-12344366.bild.html

dimanche 3 juillet 2011

La Grèce a finalement échoué dans sa sournoise tentative d'utiliser Israël contre la Turquie

Israel, Greece, Turkey join hands to stall Gaza flotilla. Palestinian UN move next
DEBKAfile Exclusive Report July 2, 2011, 11:50 AM (GMT+02:00)

Mahmoud Abbas
Greek coastguard intercepts American activists' boat

The 350 activists left of the 1,500 activists originally planning to sail nine boats against Israel's naval blockade on Gaza – among them Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal's son-in-law Hamoud Tareq - never imagined their expedition would be stopped in Greece and Turkey even before they set sail.They certainly did not mean to have their Freedom Flotilla II served up as the founding step of the nascent pro-US Israel-Greek-Turkish alliance. Indeed, one of its organizers' objectives had been to sabotage the tight strategic ties between Israel and Greece.
The organizers discovered their mistake Friday, July 1, when fast Greek coastguard commando boats

escorted the American "Audacity of Hope" back to port and Athens said it will stop all other vessels departing for Gaza  – even if they are Greek-owned.
So how come that Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou and his security agencies found time to deal with the flotilla at a time that his government is fighting for its life against hundreds of thousands of furious protesters lashing out against the harsh austerity measures he has imposed in his battle for an economic lifeline?
The Papandreou government did not act alone. The Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan quietly held back the Mavi Marmara, the Turkish vessel which led the first pro-Palestinian flotilla last year, from taking part in Flotilla II. His security agency, the MIT, also warned the Turkish Islamic IHH not to take part in the expedition -even aboard vessels sailing from ports outside the country. Flotilla vessels were mysteriously sabotaged in Greek and Turkish ports.

This well-coordinated plan of action arose out of two major regional developments reported here by debkafile:

1.  The bond of understanding gaining strength since May between two men, US President Barack Obama and the Turkish prime minister Erdogan. It has begun to be translated into joint strategic action here and there in the Arab world and Middle East, from Libya to Syria and up to the Persian Gulf oil kingdom of Bahrain. Obama has awarded Erdogan the prize he has long coveted as broker of the Israel-Palestinian dispute, by means of which the US president has tried to maneuver Ankara into patching up its quarrel with Jerusalem and restoring the decades-long military ties which broke down over the nine Mavi Marmara deaths last year.
This gambit is still nascent.  Major outstanding issues still cloud the relationship, debkafile's sources stress, such as Turkey's close economic and intelligence collaboration with Iran, Erdogan's ambition to lead the Arab and Muslim worlds and the degree to which Israel can join Turkish policies that are inimical to its own.

Urged by Obama, Erdogan has already taken a major step towards Israel by drawing the fire of the second pro-Hamas flotilla this year.
2.  Ankara's anti-Israeli steps in the past year and the Erdogan government's entente with the Iranian government and President Ahmad Ahmadinejad – and consequent paring down of the US-Israel military presence in Turkey – led Israel to strengthen its political and military ties with Greece and former Soviet nations on the shores of the Black Sea. Today, the Israeli Air Force is permitted to operate out of bases in Greece, Bulgaria and Romania; Israel is quietly helping Athens ease its economic ills through connections in the world of international finance.
The Obama administration aims to co-opt Greece to the framework of strategic understandings evolving between Washington, Ankara and Jerusalem. The Papandreou government's clampdown on Freedom Flotilla II was the first overt action by Athens in support of the alliance taking shape in the eastern Mediterranean.
Unlike Hamas and its left-leaning Western organizers of the second flotilla, Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas quickly caught on to the new world bloc coming together and its potential for influencing his plans. He accordingly paid a visit to the Turkish prime minister on June 24 for a preliminary testing of the water to see where the Palestinians could fit in and for what profit.

The Palestinian leader came away with a tough dilemma: If he pushes ahead with his plan for UN recognition of a Palestinian state in September, he will have to contend with a powerful bloc led by the US, Turkey, Greece and Israel plus 40 other nations determined to drown his initiative like the "freedom flotilla."

His other option is to abandon his UN plan and see if he can't cadge a ride on the US-Turkish alliance along with Israel and Greece.

A decision by Abbas to give up his unilateral application to the UN would not only underline the effectiveness of the new alliance's pre-emptive freeze on the flotilla but also dash the hopes of the Netanyahu government's ill-wishers – at home and abroad – who counted on the UN ploy for raising a storm of instability to drown the Israeli prime minister for good.
Source : http://www.debka.com/article/21080/

samedi 2 juillet 2011

Pourquoi la Grèce s'auto-détruit ? L'aveu d'un Grec

Why We Are All Destroying Greece

Posted on 30 June 2011 by Anastasios Papapostolou

Greece, why did we destroy everything at Syntagma? The stairs, the benches, the camps that people had created protesting against a government that was voted by the people and then couldn’t live up to its promises. Most importantly we have destroyed a new voice. Why are we  fighting? Police going up against protesters and a few others hiding behind masks who started the whole circus. Latest reports from local media (see video above) show that the ones who start the clashes are put there by the police, or secret government forces, who want to destroy the thousands of peaceful protesters. Why?

Why did we have to close down one of the most central hotels in Athens, King George Hotel during the peak tourism season. Why the heck do we have to close down our airports, ports and shut down our public transportation when we could take advantage of the momentum in the region and boost our tourism? Why do we have to show our worst image and scare people who want to visit our beautiful country.

I say we, because we all have contributed to this mess, somehow. Of course “we consumed it all together” (the money) as the Greek Vice President Theodoros Pagalos said, but he forgot to mention that the governments and the powerful were eating the whole loaf while they were throwing breadcrumbs to the rest of the society so we could keep maintaining a system we all knew was wrong. We agreed to close our eyes while others were becoming millionaires at the society’s expense . We, the majority of Greek people, sold our values too cheap.

Maybe we were just voting for a certain party hoping to find us an underpaid job. A job that somebody who was better at it would not get because of our personal relationship with a specific politician. Maybe it was when we were not asking for an invoice for a product or service, knowing that somebody would evade the tax system and we would also avoid the outrageous sales tax of 23%.

Maybe it was when we used the pejorative word “batsos” every time we would refer to a police officer who would pull us over with no probable cause. Maybe it was when the police would just abuse their power because they didn’t know any better. Why did the police have to attack one of the most touristic places in Athens, Monastiraki, and throw a light bomb between souvlaki eateries? (See video below)

We learned to play cat and mouse with the government in every given chance.  Sorry Greece, we can’t play anymore.

The upbringing of Greece for the last 70 years is wrong. It’s not just bad, but wrong, from the very beginning of a Greek citizen’s life.

Our upbringing creates tax evaders, police haters and corrupt politicians so that once they get elected the only thing that they know how to do is abuse their power. It seems that the only reason that somebody wants power here is just so they can abuse it for their own selfish good, which leads eventually to society’s destruction. However, in the long term, it turns back on each one of us. We are afraid of foreigners except when they come to spend their money. Even then we call them stupid “ksenoi” (foreigners). We are anti-americans, however we love all American products. Just count how many of the “anarchists” who throw stones at the American embassy wear Converse and other American apparel brands. Don’t forget Oxymoron is a Greek word. Welcome to modern Greece.

The truth is that we are just followers. We follow trends that are carefully created by those who want to exploit us while we are “sleeping”, passive enough not to create something new from scratch. And they train us to be wrong.

It’s wrong for the parents to slap their kids when they do something wrong just because they were slapped too as kids. It’s wrong to teach the children that they should be afraid of their teachers. It’s wrong for parents just to care if their kids got a good grade without even bothering to ask how. Yes, Greek kids know how to cheat the system well. They learn how to cheat from the first grade of elementary school so they can blend in well when they grow up. What they don’t know is that by cheating the system they maintain it at the same time.

They also learn to make fun of the teacher, a government employee who -they are taught- is against them because  he/she represents the government and threatens them with poor grades. The teacher sometimes enforces his role and abuses his or her power giving the first lesson of light government brutality.

Later they grow up, and by the time they are in high school, Greek kids know how to take over a whole school, occupy it, and stop the learning process until their demands are met. They learn to demand with violence, or at least, unorthodox ways. They also participate at protests that often end with clashes.

This is the time, that they will meet the police for the first time and of course, turn against them. Anyway the Greek media says so and paints an image of a brutal police force.  In a  society where the citizens are afraid of the police either they have done something wrong, or the police are abusing their power. In Greece both scenarios are correct.

When young Greeks go to university – and after they have dealt with a process that destroys every single dream and have been sent off to universities where they sometimes don’t even want to go- they learn to vote for the candidate that would appeal to their personal demand, usually a job for the government. They get recruited into political party groups while at college and that even helps them get better grades, just because they service the system better.

Others want to climb even higher in the pyramid by doing worse things, corrupting  the society for their own good. In Greece unfortunately, we learn that financial success only comes if you cheat, steal or get married to somebody rich. Those are the only exits from a socio-economic dead-end. Hard work at least until now wouldn’t pay off in Greece. That’s what our society taught us in a country that people who work hard are called “malakes” (a pejorative word which in this case means the one who is cheated). The worst is that there are times when we get angry because our job doesn’t give us the opportunity to steal, or doesn’t come with any power to abuse.

All of us Greeks have gone through all the above steps. Greek politicians, priests, journalists, the unemployed, protesters, police and each member of the Greek society has been brought up wrong. Unfortunately we don’t have the luxury to wait for a generation in order to change slowly from the beginning. This same system has made us fight against each other, but the biggest fight is against our old selves.

Most Greeks, have been avoiding to do the math, or when we did we were cooking the numbers. Forget the debt. How can somebody survive with 600 euros per month? The ones throwing the stones and the ones throwing the tear gas bombs are both parts of the same wrong equation.

We need to change instantly. We know what it needs to be changed in each one of us. Even if we were wrong we still have the right to change. For many maybe going to Syntagma is the first step of a self-catharsis.  The worst is to be wrong, know it, and continue to live the exact same way.
Source : http://greece.greekreporter.com/2011/06/30/why-we-are-all-destroying-greece/

Encore de l'argent européen prêt à être gaspillé par la Grèce

crise financière - 01/07/2011 | 15:17
Grèce : l'aide européenne prête à être débloquée

Une réunion avancée à samedi et qui se tiendra par téléphone doit réunir les ministres des finances des pays de la zone euro pour décider du déblocage de 12 milliards d'euros d'aide à la Grèce. Le Premier ministre polonais, qui assure désormais la présidence de l'Union européenne, exige d'y participer.

Le vote en deux temps du plan d'austérité par le parlement grec bouscule le calendrier européen. Une réunion extraordinaire initialement prévue pour dimanche se tiendra en fait samedi, par télé-conférence, entre les ministres des Finances de la zone euro. Les représentants des dix-sept pays partageant la monnaie unique pourraient décider du déblocage de la cinquième tranche d'aide accordée à la Grèce pour éponger soutenir son économie.

Pour le commissaire européen en charge des Affaires économiques et monétaires, Olli Rehn, le versement de ces 12 milliards d'euros promis en cas de vote du plan d'austérité serait "pratiquement certain," rapporte la chaîne finlandaise YLE.

Le programme de rigueur grec prévoyant des hausses d'impôts ainsi que des économies budgétaires constituait une des conditions posées par la zone euro pour la poursuite du versements des 110 milliards d'euros accordés en 2010. Lors de cette discussion, la participation des créanciers privés au plan de sauvetage sera aussi au menu des discussions ce week-end avant une nouvelle réunion le 11 juillet.

La Pologne exige de participer aux discussions

La conférence du 2 juillet initialement réservée aux pays de la zone euro contribue au premier "accrochage" entre le Premier ministre polonais, Donald Tusk, dont le pays assure depuis ce vendredi la présidence de l'UE, et ses partenaires européens. Il a ainsi exigé que son ministre des Finances, Jacek Rostowski, participe aux discussions de samedi. "Nous adhèrerons à l'euro lorsque nous respecterons les critères [exigés] et quand nous aurons un système qui fasse appliquer de manière permanente ces critères", a déclaré le chef du gouvernement polonais lors d'une conférence de presse.
latribune.fr - 01/07/2011, 15:17
Source : http://www.latribune.fr/actualites/economie/international/20110630trib000633405/grece-l-aide-europeenne-prete-a-etre-debloquee.html

vendredi 1 juillet 2011

Les "Vêpres grecques" : comment les Grecs ont lâchement massacré des soldats français en pleine Première Guerre mondiale

"Une flotte franco-britannique, commandée par l'amiral Dartige du Fournet, occupa en effet la baie de Salamine pour faire pression sur le gouvernement royaliste à Athènes, à qui divers ultimatums successifs, concernant principalement le désarmement de l'armée grecque, avaient été envoyés. Le 1er décembre 1916, le roi Constantin sembla céder aux exigences de l'amiral français, et les troupes débarquèrent pour s'emparer des pièces d'artillerie demandées. Mais l'armée, fidèle à Constantin, s'était secrètement mobilisée, et avait fortifié Athènes. Les Français furent donc accueillis par un feu nourri. L'amiral Dartige dut se réfugier au Zappéion, et ne put s'enfuir qu'à la faveur de la nuit. Le massacre des soldats français fut surnommé par la presse les « Vêpres grecques », en référence aux « Vêpres siciliennes » de 1282. Le roi félicita son ministre de la guerre et ses troupes. Les anti-vénizélistes s'attaquèrent alors très violemment à leurs adversaires politiques6. Ce fut le premier épisode de la « guerre civile » qui opposa partisans et adversaires de Venizélos."

Source : http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schisme_national#Les_.C2.AB_V.C3.AApres_grecques_.C2.BB_.28d.C3.A9cembre_1916.29

"Sans peine nous avons pardonné aux Grecs le récent assassinat de nos chers matelots à Athènes ; nous ont-ils jamais fait l'équivalent d'une pareille traîtrise, ces pauvres Turcs, qui n'ont point cessé de nous aimer malgré nos outrages ? Non, mais qu'importe, ce sont les Turcs, toujours les Turcs !..." (Pierre Loti, Les alliés qu'il nous faudrait, Paris, Calmann-Lévy, 1919, p. 46)

"A Smyrne, lors du débarquement hellène, l'infamie des insultes à la population turque inoffensive, et l'horreur des meurtres, des viols, des tortures, tout cela lâchement perpétré, par une soldatesque immonde que ses officiers poussaient à faire pis, fut une tache de boue et de sang sur la soie déshonorée à jamais du drapeau grec. Depuis, chaque bataille, soit gagnée, soit perdue par ces mêmes héros athéniens qui fusillèrent en 1915 [1916] nos matelots sans armes fut prétexe à d'autres insultes, à d'autres meurtres, à d'autres viols, à d'autres tortures." (Claude Farrère, L'extraordinaire aventure d'Achmet pacha Djemaleddine, Paris, Flammarion, 1921, p. XVI)

Grèce : du mensonge grec à la faillite

"Comment la Grèce s’est-elle retrouvée au bord de la faillite ?

En 1991, en pleine négociation du traité de Maastricht, un négociateur français reconnaissait que « le cas de la Grèce relève du FMI ». Bien vu. Mais cela n’a pas empêché les Européens de donner leur feu vert, en 2000,  à l’entrée d’Athènes dans l’euro. Pourtant, ils se doutaient bien que quelque chose clochait, que la qualification de la Grèce relevait de l’impossible. En 2004, le gouvernement grec reconnaissait qu’il avait divisé par deux son déficit public depuis 2000. Implicitement, c’était admettre que la Grèce avait adhéré sur la base de chiffres frauduleux. Mais il n’y a eu aucune enquête, aucune sanction, aucune réaction des marchés… Berlin et Paris ont même refusé de donner des pouvoirs d’investigation à Eurostat, l’institut de statistique européen.

En octobre 2009, rebelote : le nouveau gouvernement socialiste reconnaît que le déficit ne sera pas de 6 % du PIB, mais 13 %. En réalité, ce sera 15,4 %. Mais, à la différence de 2004, les marchés financiers, ébranlés par la crise de 2007-2008, paniquent : vente massive d’obligations grecques et envolée des taux d’intérêt alors que la Grèce a pu pendant dix ans emprunter quasiment aux mêmes taux que l’Allemagne. Très rapidement, la Grèce est incapable d’aller se financer sur les marchés et doit faire appel à l’aide européenne.
"

Source : http://bruxelles.blogs.liberation.fr/coulisses/2011/06/gr%C3%A8ce-du-mensonge-%C3%A0-linsolvabilit%C3%A9.html

Du même auteur : Un article éloquent de 2004 sur la mythomanie grecque