jeudi 29 septembre 2011

L'Eglise orthodoxe grecque bénéficie toujours de privilèges fiscaux

Publié le 23/09/2011 | 17:07

L'Eglise grecque doit rendre des comptes

Par FTV avec agences

Deuxième propriétaire foncier du pays, l'église orthodoxe, aux comptes peu clairs, devrait faire un effort de civisme

L'église orthodoxe grecque est à la tête d'un patrimoine de quelque 113.000 hectares d'étendues forestières, de 4.000 hectares de terres agricoles et de 86.000 m2 d'immobilier urbain, selon les chiffres des autorités ecclésiastiques.



Sur ce patrimoine, l'église a payé en 2010, 2,5 millions d'impôts. A l'heure de la crise, ces chiffres choquent.  

"C'est une somme ridicule, c'est vrai qu'en Grèce, tout le monde se moque du fisc, mais l'Eglise c'est à la puissance 10", s'emporte le député de gauche Grigoris Psarianos, partisan d'une séparation de l'Eglise et de l'Etat.



Face au sentiment de favoritisme, qui émerge des médias et des réseaux sociaux, l'église a publié un communiqué dans lequel indique s'acquitter "de ses obligations fiscales légales". Elle affirme que son patrimoine "est en partie inexploitable" (terrains forestiers) et invoque "la décentralisation" de l'institution et sa complexité statutaire pour afficher une évaluation globale. A quoi s'ajoutent les propriétés en propre des paroisses, métropoles et centaines de monastères.

Selon une indiscrétion du quotidien Kathimérini, l'Eglise a affiché en 2008 un bénéfice de 7 millions d'euros pour des revenus de 20 millions. Les estimations sur la valeur de la fortune varient de 700 millions à plus du milliard.

L'annonce que l'Eglise et les monastères grecs et les monastères ne paieront pas la très impopulaire nouvelle taxe immobilière décidée récemment n'a fait que mettre de l'huile sur le feu.

Eglise et Etat, intérêts imbriqués

Il faut dire que l'Eglise a une situation particulière dans l'Etat grec. Ainsi la Constitution est écrite "au nom de la Trinité sainte consubstantielle et indivisible". Les quelque 10.000 popes et 82 évêques -payés comme fonctionnaires par l'Etat (pour un coût de 220 millions d'euros en 2011)- sont des relais d'opinion. Le rôle politique de l'Eglise "est étroitement lié à son rôle politique entretenant une confusion entre les fidèles et les citoyens", explique Polikarpos Karamouzis, professeur de sociologie religieuse. Ce qu'exploitent les politiciens à la recherche de votes.

A plusieurs reprises les partis politiques ont voté des exemptions de taxes. Ainsi en 2010 les socialistes ont aboli la taxe de 35% sur le denier du culte.
L'époque était prospère, "nous pensions que l'Etat pouvait alléger nos charges, au vu de l'ampleur de notre oeuvre philanthropique", commente le père Avramiotis.



Héritière de privilèges datant des époques byzantine et ottomane, l'Eglise se perçoit comme "spoliée", pour avoir dû céder le plus gros de ses biens  historiques à l'Etat, à sa fondation au XIXème siècle, puis lors de l'accueil d'un million de réfugiés d'Asie mineure en 1922, rappelle Ioannis Pétrou, professeur à l'université de théologie de Salonique.



L'Eglise met en avant son oeuvre caritative au service des plus défavorisés (100 millions d'euros en 010). Mais cette activité, récente, a connu une mauvaise gestion et a dû changer de nom. 


Gestion opaque et difficulté d'apprécier l'étendue des propriétés sont une difficulté supplémentaire pour l'amélioration des finances publiques. "Mais l'absence de contrôle public et de transparence de la part du clergé alimente la méfiance", reconnait Ionnais Petrou, alors qu'une campagne "taxez l'Eglise" se prépare, avec une manifestation prévue la semaine prochaine à Athènes et Salonique.
Source : http://info.france2.fr/europe/l-eglise-grecque-doit-rendre-des-comptes-70530111.html

Voir également : L'Eglise orthodoxe grecque : richesse et avarice

Malgré toutes leurs pleurnicheries chauvines, les Grecs reconnaissent la Macédoine indirectement

Greece recognizes Macedonia... Indirectly
Monday, 26 September 2011

- Foreign passports who have noted "Macedonia" as the place of birth, Greece recognizes them as valid and because of this we can issue a document for "Registration of an EU resident", says the Ministry of Civilian protection in its official response to a Greek MP from the LAOS party.



Velopoulos apart from getting a response from the ministry, asked the same question in Parliament, as an argument that Greece indirectly recognizes Macedonia.



- Greek police recognizes a country called Macedonia? As a place of birth? And then you tell me that we will never recognize the country? Where do we live? Here it is... (shows document) We are recognizing a country named Macedonia, we recognize their birth place, but we don't recognize Macedonia only in Parliament. In fact, we recognize them, only indirectly. Who are we kidding here? asked Kiryakos Velopoulos, LAOS MP.



This frequently animated Greek MP is a member of the ultra nationalist party LAOS and is known for asking the most questions in each parliament session. Most of his questions are concerning Macedonia.
Source : http://macedoniaonline.eu/content/view/19216/45/

Le Premier ministre macédonien Nikola Gruevski a discuté avec Ban Ki-moon de la minorité macédonienne de Grèce

Gruevski and Ban Ki Mun discuss Macedonians in Greece
Sunday, 25 September 2011

Premier Nikola Gruevski and Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki late on Saturday in New York met with UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, MIA's correspondent reported.

Minister Poposki said that during the talks Ban Ki-moon was informed on Macedonian Government's priorities in the coming period, its efforts made to implement reforms, while also discussing the name issue.



"We have informed the UN chief on our commitment to the process being held under UN auspices and the dialogue that we want to intensify at every level surrounding the dispute imposed by our southern neighbour (Greece) over the constitutional name of the Republic of Macedonia. We've extended gratitude to the Secretary General on his willingness to launch initiatives and for the report prepared by the UN Independent Expert on Minority Issues, Gay McDougall that referred to the position of the Macedonian national minority in Greece," Poposki stated after the meeting.

He added that UN's Ban Ki-moon was also briefed on Government's dedication to the process of EU and NATO integration.



"We have voiced our assurance and commitment that there are chances to tackle remaining obstacles within our priorities focused on joining NATO and EU and that we will be able to dedicate ourselves to a brighter future where additional constructive relations will be developed with all of our neighbours, including our southern neighbour," the FM noted.
Source : http://macedoniaonline.eu/content/view/19206/45/

lundi 26 septembre 2011

L'économiste Jacques Sapir : "Un défaut de la Grèce est inévitable"

"Capital.fr : La Grèce devrait obtenir une nouvelle tranche d’aide. Est-elle tirée d’affaire ?
Jacques Sapir : Cette aide va lui permettre de tenir un mois, mais la Grèce ne pourra pas honorer ses prochaines échéances. En décembre, il lui faudra, par exemple, obtenir 13 milliards d’euros, puis 52 autres milliards en 2012 en additionnant les remboursements de la dette (32 milliards) et le déficit probable sur l’année 2012 (20 milliards). Un défaut de la Grèce est donc inévitable à brève échéance car même si l’Europe l’aidait à passer l’hiver, ses besoins sont colossaux : 340 milliards d’euros d’ici à 2018. En soit, ce montant n’est pas insurmontable pour la zone euro, sauf que d’ici là d’autres pays appelleront aussi à l’aide."

Source : http://www.capital.fr/a-la-une/interviews/un-defaut-de-la-grece-est-inevitable-628468

Le magazine allemand Focus : "Les Grecs hors de l'UE, les Turcs dedans"

The Focus magazine praises Turkey

22.09.2011 - 13:24

An article by Uli Donch which was published on the German Focus magazine claimed that Greece could go bankrupt anytime and praised Turkey's growth performance. Donch wrote that Turkey which has been conducting EU membership talks since 2005 was still considered as an agricultural cuntry by Germany, but that it deserves to join the EU more than many other countries. Stating that Europe, consisting of an old population, needs Turkey more than Turkey needs Europe, Donch indicated that Turkey enjoys great economic data, educated and hard-working young population. He added that the rapidly growing and improving Turkey wouldn't wait in front of Europe's door for a long time and suggested that Europe becomes Turkey's partner, instead of being a slave to Greece.
Source : http://www.dunya.com/the-focus-magazine-praises-turkey_133102_haber.html?

L'article d'Uli Dönch en question : http://www.focus.de/finanzen/doenchkolumne/euro-krise-griechen-raus-tuerken-rein_aid_667081.html

State building en Grèce : la Commission européenne a pour mission de construire un Etat

vendredi 23 septembre 2011
Grèce: les travaux d'Hercule de la Commission européenne

Les plans d’austérité ne suffiront pas pour qu’Athènes remonte la pente. L’Union a donc décidé, en juillet dernier, de l’aider à construire un État (« state building »), mais aussi de lui apporter de l’argent frais afin de relancer sa croissance, après trois ans de récession. Une « Task force » chargée de lui fournir une « assistance technique » a donc été créée et sa présidence confiée, depuis le 1er septembre, à Horst Reichenbach. Composée de fonctionnaires européens et nationaux (à terme une cinquantaine de personnes sans compter les experts nationaux), elle sera basée à Bruxelles et à Athènes et disposera non seulement des compétences techniques des États membres, mais aussi d’un pactole de 15 milliards d’euros (sur deux ans) d’aides européennes non dépensées par la Gréce qui pourront être investis dans des projets d’avenir. Ce ne seront plus les Grecs qui géreront ces aides européennes, mais ils devront le faire avec l'accord de la Task force pour éviter tout détournement.

Horst Reichenbach, qui a été durant six ans vice-président de la BERD à Londres (Banque européenne de reconstruction et de développement) et a effectué la plus grande partie de sa carrière à la Commission, explique sa mission pour « les coulisses de Bruxelles ».

La Grèce a reçu depuis 1989 environ 35 milliards d’euros de « fonds structurels », sans compter les sommes du fonds de cohésion et du fonds social européen. Or, une grande partie de cet argent a été détourné ou a alimenté le budget de l’État. On peut donc se demander pourquoi une « task force » maintenant et pas il y a 25 ans ce qui aurait évité à la Grèce de se retrouver au bord de la faillite ?

Il aurait fallu une demande pour que nous puissions intervenir plus tôt, car la Grèce est un pays souverain comme tous les autres pays de l’Union. La crise de la dette publique a changé la donne : aujourd’hui, cette demande existe, car la Grèce constate elle-même qu’elle a beaucoup de difficultés à mettre en œuvre les réformes adoptées, alors qu’elles sont absolument nécessaires pour lui permettre de renouer avec la croissance. Il y a désormais une vraie volonté politique de changement : c’est Georges Papandréou, le premier ministre grec, qui a demandé au président de la Commission de le soutenir en ce moment crucial.


Ne craignez-vous pas que les citoyens grecs rejettent ce qui s’apparente à une tutelle européenne ?

Le gouvernement a bien compris la tâche de cette « task force » : nous allons apporter une aide technique, pas gérer le pays. J’ai aussi rencontré l’opposition : elle est plus critique, mais elle reconnait la nécessité d’agir. Dans les médias et la population, il y a une majorité qui est en faveur d’un soutien européen pour procéder aux réformes, la Grèce seule n’ayant pas les moyens d’y parvenir. Alors, bien sûr, il y a les extrêmes de l’échiquier politique qui agitent le spectre du passé. Comme je suis Allemand, on dit que je suis le nouvel Othon 1er, ce prince bavarois que les grandes puissances « protectrices » de l’époque ont imposé à la Grèce en 1832. Et certains jouent avec les cinq premières lettres de mon nom, « Reich »…

Quel sera votre rôle ?

Notre action comportera deux piliers. D’abord, nous allons accélérer l’absorption des fonds structurels en trouvant de bons projets qui contribueront à l’emploi et à la croissance, notamment dans les domaines des énergies renouvelables, de l’agroalimentaire et du tourisme. Ensuite, nous aiderons à mettre en œuvre les réformes structurelles : réforme de l’administration fiscale, de la sécurité sociale, de la santé publique, mise en place d’un « e-governement » afin de limiter les contacts entre l’administration et les citoyens et donc la corruption, alléger la bureaucratie pour faciliter la création d’entreprises et les investissements…

En clair, vous allez aider la Grèce à bâtir un État, comme l’a fait la BERD pour les anciens pays communistes ?

Absolument. La structure de l’économie grecque ressemble d'ailleurs beaucoup à celle des anciens pays de l’Est : forte présence de l’État dans l’économie, forte bureaucratie. Les instruments de la BERD seraient très utiles et il est dommage qu’elle ne puisse pas intervenir en Grèce. Je réfléchis à la façon dont on pourrait offrir des instruments similaires pour le financement des entreprises en se servant de la Banque européenne d’investissement (BEI) et de la garantie des fonds structurels, car aujourd’hui le système bancaire grec est incapable de financer l’économie du pays. (photo: manifestation, hier, de policiers devant l'ambassade d'Allemagne)

Il est remarquable de constater que tous les pays qui ont des difficultés dans la zone euro sont ceux qui ont le plus bénéficié des aides régionales. N’ont-elles pas contribué à créer des bulles (immobilière, de consommation) ? L’Union n’aurait-elle pas dû veiller, en contrepartie, à ce que la politique économique et budgétaire soit saine ?

Je suis tout à fait d’accord. Si on ne l’a pas fait, c’est par manque de volonté politique, car cela implique d’intervenir dans la définition des politiques économiques des États, ce qu’ils n’étaient pas prêts à accepter. Il ne faut pas oublier que lorsqu’on a créé la politique de cohésion, en 1988, c’était avant l’union économique et monétaire. Mais, même après, le lancement de l’euro, le pilier économique que la France réclamait n’a pas vu le jour. Nous avons eu tort, car nous avons laissé la productivité des pays du sud se dégrader, et les salaires s’envoler. L’Union s’est trop focalisé sur les seuls problèmes budgétaires. C'est pourquoi il faut désormais établir un lien macro-économique entre les fonds structurels et les politiques économiques. Cela va être un vrai sujet lors des négociations des prochaines perspectives financières.

Comment allez-vous pouvoir travailler avec une administration largement inefficace et corrompue ?

C’est un problème. Mais nous serons sur place pour surveiller la mise en œuvre des réformes, comme l’a fait avec succès la BERD dans les pays de l’Est en transition. J’espère que nous verrons des progrès dans l’année, notamment en matière de perception des impôts. Mais, pour que notre mission soit un succès, il faudra une détermination de long terme au niveau politique.
Source : http://bruxelles.blogs.liberation.fr/coulisses/2011/09/gr%C3%A8ce-les-travaux-dhercule-de-la-commission-europ%C3%A9enne.html

Voir également : Le choix : tutelle des Européens civilisés ou faillite inévitable de la Grèce inutile

L'UE doit violer la souveraineté des Grecs pour bâtir un Etat fonctionnel chez eux, car ils sont de toute évidence incapables de le faire eux-mêmes : tel est l'avis d'un diplomate européen de haut rang

dimanche 25 septembre 2011

Mauvaise nouvelle pour Athènes : Skopje offre des cours en ligne aux étudiants du nord de la Grèce

Skopje Offers Online Courses of Macedonian to Northern Greeks

Posted on 23 September 2011 by Fani Toli Tags: audiovisual communication, learning macedonian language online

Skopjans are using computers and modern technology to promote an online program that teaches the Macedonian Language to students of Northern Greece.


The program is titled “Learn Macedonski Online” and the lessons begin on the 17th of October, while the formation of the classes will depend on the students’ applications.

According to the project leader, Mitko Giovanof “teaching will be done by teachers online and students will have an audiovisual communication with the teachers, following the terms of the latest computer technology”.

The lessons are going to be free of cost, following the official government curriculum and the classes will be divided into three levels:beginner, intermediate, advanced.
Source : http://eu.greekreporter.com/2011/09/23/skopje-offers-online-courses-of-macedonian-to-northern-greeks/

Les relations israélo-grecques en difficulté : le ministre des Affaires étrangères grec Stavros Lambrinidis affirme que son pays soutient la reconnaissance de l'Etat palestinien à l'ONU

Greek FM: Greece backs Palestinian statehood bid
09/24/2011 | 12:20 PM

UNITED NATIONS — Greek Foreign Minister Stavros Lambrinidis told the United Nations General Assembly on Friday that his country fully supports the Palestinians bid for a UN statehood recognition.


"Greece supports unequivocally Palestine's right to statehood. It is now our responsibility, the responsibility of every member-state of the UN, to respect the Palestinian decision to request membership, and more importantly, to turn this into an opportunity that will jump-start anew direct negotiations," said Lambrinidis.

Last Friday, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas asked the United Nations to recognize a state for his people, a move rejected by Israel and the United States, who say only a negotiated peace settlement can lead to a Palestinian state.

Lambrinidis also touched on the controversy between his country and Turkey over gas exploration of Cyprus.

"We are deeply concerned by the recent threats and hostile actions against the Republic of Cyprus by our neighbor Turkey," he said.

Regional tension rose after Cyprus's Greek Cypriot government announced last Tuesday that drilling had begun in a southeast offshore area adjoining a gas field in Israeli waters reputed to be the world's largest find in the past decade.

In retaliation, Turkey and the Turkish Cypriot administration signed their own continental shelf agreement on Wednesday (September 21), permitting state-run Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) to start exploration north of the island.

"Turkey's threats and actions of the past few days and weeks are contrary to international law, and they must cease. We believe that the path of tension is a wrong and dangerous path," said Lambrinidis.

Turkish oil exploration vessel on Friday left the Aegean port of Izmir on Friday to carry out surveys off northern Cyprus amid tensions with Greek Cypriots on the divided island over rights to hydrocarbon reserves in the eastern Mediterranean.

Turkey contests an Cypriot-Israeli accord signed last year to create exclusive economic zones in the waters between them.

It also argues that Cyprus should not be exploiting natural resources until a settlement is reached between the Greek Cypriot government and a breakaway Turkish Cypriot state for the reunification of the island, and that any revenues should benefit both communities.

Lambrinidis also said the time has come for his country and Macedonia to finally resolve the disagreement they have over the former breakaway region of Yugoslavia's rights to use the name "Macedonia."

Macedonia and Greece have been at loggerheads since Skopje declared independence from then-federal Yugoslavia in 1991.

Greece objects to the name Macedonia, saying it implies a claim to its northern province and has argued the ICJ has no jurisdiction to hear the case.

"Another issue that needs our attention is that of the name of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Which is not really, and never has been, a "name" issue per se, but instead a sincere effort to ensure that, in our volatile region, we once and for all put behind us notions of irredentism, of attempting to re-write history and borders," said Lambrinidis.

"Greece believes and has repeatedly stated that the solution lies in a fair compromise, in a name with a geographical qualifier," said Lambrinidis, adding "We want to resolve this issue so that we can finally realize the huge potential of our relationship, on the basis of openness and honesty."

So far United Nations talks have failed to resolve the deadlock.

Lambrinidis waited until the end of his speech to briefly touched on the financial problems facing his country.

"Economic development and fair distribution of wealth are key prerequisites for long-term stability and security. My country, in the midst of its own worst financial and economic crisis in recent history, has not only not shut itself in its shell, but remains a leading investor in our region, especially in the Western Balkans, contributing to the creation of tens of thousands of jobs," said Lambrinidis.

He didn't specifically mention Greece's potential debt default that has left markets reeling around the world.

Greece is in tense talks with the International Monetary Fund and European authorities, known as the troika, to secure a new 8 billion-euro installment of its rescue package to avoid bankruptcy in October in return for austerity measures.

Negotiators have expressed frustration at what they say is Greece's slow pace. — Reuters
Source : http://www.gmanews.tv/story/233320/world/greek-fm-greece-backs-palestinian-statehood-bid

L'armée de l'air grecque annule des activités d'entraînement pour raison financière

Air Force Cancels Training Activities Due to Poor Finances

Posted on 22 September 2011 by Stella Tsolakidou Tags: Hellenic Air Force, training activities

The Hellenic Air Force cancelled its scheduled training activities from Monday the 26th to Friday the 30th of September due to its bad finances.

According to daily newspaper Elefterotypia, the above mentioned training is part of the general training “Alexander-2011” and aimed at retraining recruits on how to use the new weapon systems.

The amount of 150,000 Euros required for the recruits’ nutrition, clothing, shoes, transportation and compensation needs cannot be covered by the Air Force after the successive budget cuts it has suffered.

Therefore, Air Force officials thought it necessary to cancel the training.
Source : http://greece.greekreporter.com/2011/09/22/air-force-cancels-training-activities-due-to-poor-finances/

Le ministre de la Défense grec Panos Beglitis annonce que son pays va réduire sa participation aux missions militaires de l'OTAN et de l'UE, pour cause de difficultés économiques

Greece to cut participation in Nato, EU military missions
    23 Sep 2011

WROCLAW - Greece will significantly reduce its participation in Nato and EU military missions due to the economic crisis in the country, National Defence Minister Panos Beglitis announced on the sidelines of an informal EU defence ministers' Council held here on Friday.

He said that the ministry was preparing to cut down Greece's participation in the Nato and EU missions in Afghanistan, Kosovo and Somalia, noting that local political forces in Afghanistan and Kosovo were anyway entering the phase where they would gradually take over control.

Beglitis made it clear, however, that Greece would not withdraw entirely and will continue to maintain a small presence as long as the international missions continued to exist.

The ministers' council, held to prepare for the regular council in November in Brussels, mainly carried out a review of developments in the operations in Libya. Among the central issues was the need to reduce armaments spending due to the economic crisis sweeping across Europe.

They also noted that the EU27 had achieved very few of their goals in terms of defence and security, as shown by serious problems that arose during the operations in Libya, and doubts were expressed about whether the EU would be able to adequately perform its international role.

During the discussion on Libya, Beglitis said that Greece was prepared to play a decisive role in the distribution of humanitarian aid and to provide facilities at the Souda naval base and airforce bases around the country.

The ministers did not discuss the tension created in the southeastern Mediterranean by Turkey's stance toward exploratory drilling for natural gas in Cyprus' Exclusive Economic Zone. The issue is expected to be discussed at the Nato ministers' meeting in Brussels in early October. (AMNA), M. Mihail
Source : http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/10/47938

vendredi 23 septembre 2011

Soi-disant protégé par Israël, le président chypriote-grec Dimitris Christofias (communiste) s'incline peureusement devant Erdogan : il promet de partager le gaz avec les Chypriotes turcs

UPDATE 1-Cyprus promises to share gas benefits with north

Thu Sep 22, 2011 1:21pm EDT

* Cyprus president says Turk Cypriots can benefit before deal

* Turkey to send ship to area on Friday, denies being provocative (Adds Turkish comment, Christofias quotes)

By Michele Kambas

NICOSIA, Sept 22 (Reuters) - Cyprus said on Thursday it was willing to share the benefits of revenue from any gas find with Turkish Cypriots before a peace deal on the ethnically-divided island, as tensions rise with Ankara over exploiting Mediterranean energy reserves.

In Ankara, Turkey announced it was sending its own research vessel to the area on Friday in an operation which it has said could be escorted by its air force and navy, but denied it was being provocative or that Mediterranean waters would "heat up".

"My message to Turkey and to the Turkish Cypriots is to find a solution as soon as possible," Cyprus President Demetris Christofias said in New York.


"But as President I guarantee that before a solution ... that if we have revenue, we will see in which way we can use the revenues for the benefit of the two communities," he added in remarks released in Nicosia by the official press office.


Turkey, which backs a breakaway Turkish Cypriot state in northern Cyprus, has challenged the right of Cyprus and Israel to drill in an area believed to be the world's biggest gas find of the past decade. Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan called the drilling "madness" on Tuesday.

In Ankara, Energy Minister Taner Yildiz said a seismic exploration ship, the Piri Reis, would depart for the eastern Mediterranean on Friday following an agreement signed with North Cyprus to allow offshore oil and gas exploration.

"I can say that we already had a research programme for oil and gas exploration, and we brought it forward," Yildiz told a news conference. "Our actions will never be provocative like the actions carried out by others ... In the short term, I do not expect the waters in the Mediterranean to heat up."

SLOW PROGRESS

Turkey invaded north Cyprus in 1974 after a short-lived Greek Cypriot coup. It still maintains a heavy military presence in the north of the island, split by a ceasefire line patrolled by U.N. peacekeepers.

Greek Cypriots and their U.S. partner Noble Energy started drilling south of the island for gas this week, incurring the wrath of Turkey which says the EU member has no jurisdiction in the area. The EU and the US have backed Cyprus.

Until now, Cyprus's Greek Cypriot government had said Turkish Cypriots could reap benefits from any gas discovery but put it in the context of a peace deal on the island.

United Nations-sponsored peace talks between the two sides were launched in 2008 but progress has been slow.

Christofias later told the United Nations General Assembly that energy discoveries could help peace attempts. "I wish to reassure our Turkish Cypriot compatriots that regardless of the circumstances, they will benefit from the possible discovery and extraction of hydrocarbons," he said.

Turkey is the only country to recognise the Turkish Cypriot state, while the Greek Cypriot government is internationally recognised and represents the island in the European Union.

Ankara says the Greek Cypriots cannot tap reserves which it says belong to both communities of the island, and accuse them of undermining peace talks. Greek Cypriots accuse the Turkish side of dragging its feet in negotiations.

Despite tensions, both sides have continued to attend peace talks under U.N. auspices of the United Nations. In principle, they agree on uniting Cyprus as a federation.

The row over hydrocarbon reserves erupted as relations between Turkey and Israel broke down over Israel's refusal to apologise for killing Turkish activists aboard a ship carrying aid to Palestinians in Gaza last year. (Additional reporting by Tulay Karadeniz in Ankara; Additonal writing by Ibon Villelabeitia in Ankara; Editing by David Stamp)
Source : http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/22/cyprus-turkey-gas-idUSL5E7KM30120110922




Voir également : Un camouflet pour les Grecs : les Américains laissent la Turquie et la RTCN signer un accord important en plein New York

Egemen Bağış donne un avertissement aux Grecs de Chypre en évoquant l'intervention possible de la Marine militaire turque

Le ministre des Finances grec Evangelos Venizelos le reconnaît enfin : "Nous [les Grecs] avons la chance d'être sous un contrôle international, sinon nous serions coincés."

Greek FinMin: We Are Lucky To Be Under International Control

Posted by keeptalkinggreece in Economy, Politics

This unbelievable sentence was worded by Greek Finance Minister Evangelos Venizelos on Wednesday morning while he was informing the parliament about his talks with the Troika on Tuesday night and stressing the need of new austerity measures. In a speech sprinkled with dramatic tones, Venizelos spoke of  “absolute fiscal derailment” and the fact that “each year the debt is growing because the budget is in deficit. “We continue to generate deficits” he said and emphasized “This is the plight of the country”.

Venizelos warned of Greece’s risk of economic collapse if no deficit cuts are made and no international aid will be given. “We have not fully understood the danger we face, that the system could cease operating , that the national economy could cease operating,” he said.

Finance Minister Evangelos Venizelos warned Greeks Wednesday that the country runs the risk of economic collapse if it doesn’t make progress on its deficit-cutting agenda needed to secure fresh international aid.

He acknowledged that the country has to impose additional austerity measures to meet its budget targets, as demanded by the international creditors. He accepted that the property levy is heavy but “justified” and stressed “we are lucky to be under international control otherwise we would be stranded”. And added that “when you depend on the markets, you have to accept the creditor’s point of view”. (sources: in.gr, capital.gr )
Reactions

Many internet users asked why the Greeks need a government, when IMF’s Tomsen & Co do the work. They lashed out and blamed the government for inability to solve the economic problems of the country.

Governing party PASOK deputy Mimis Androulakis asked a ‘national unity government with a prime minister of common acceptance ‘ stressing that “under the weight of developments one or two PASOK deputies cannot do the work”.

Alternate Development Minister, S. Xynidis told TO VIMA FM that he is willing  to accept citizens’ “anger and even a hurled yogurt“. He spoke of mistakes and delays.

Another deputy threatened to resign.
Source : http://www.keeptalkinggreece.com/2011/09/21/greek-finmin-we-are-lucky-to-be-under-international-control/

Pour rappel : Le ministre des Finances grec Evangelos Venizelos accuse l'UE : la Grèce aurait été utilisée comme un "bouc-émissaire", "soumise au chantage et humiliée"

Le ministre des Finances grec Evangelos Venizelos nie l'évidence : "La Grèce n'est pas le paria de l'Union européenne, elle n'est pas une plaie et un problème permanents", mais un "pays équivalent, compétitif" (sic)

La dette grecque à 189 % pour 2012 selon le FMI

Categorized | Economy, News
IMF Sees Greek Debt hitting 189% of GDP Next Year

Posted on 21 September 2011 by Apostolos Papapostolou

Greece’s debt will surge to 189.1 percent of gross domestic product next year, the International Monetary Fund said Tuesday, far higher than its June projection of 172 percent.
The IMF did not explain the reason for the higher figure, contained in a new report on global fiscal imbalances.

But Athens’s debt level is a crucial issue in the IMF-European Union talks on releasing new funds in their 110 billion euro ($150 billion) bailout of Greece.
The IMF forecast the debt burden would fall to 187.9 percent of GDP in 2013. This year’s figure was put at 165.6 percent of GDP.
The Fund also revised upwards the estimate of Greece’s fiscal deficit this year, to 8.0 percent of GDP, dropping to 6.9 percent next year.

On Monday the IMF warned Greece to ramp up budget austerity to win rescue funds and avert bankruptcy and eurozone turmoil early next month.
The IMF criticized Greece for wasting time, being behind target with privatization and for allowing reform momentum to slow down.
(source: AFP)
Source : http://greece.greekreporter.com/2011/09/21/imf-sees-greek-debt-hitting-189-of-gdp-next-year/

Le ministre des Finances grec Evangelos Venizelos admet publiquement que l'économie de son pays risque bientôt de cesser de fonctionner

Categorized | Economy, News, Politics
Finance Minister: Greece Faces Risk Of Economic Collapse

Posted on 21 September 2011 by Apostolos Papapostolou

Finance Minister Evangelos Venizelos warned Greeks Wednesday that the country runs the risk of economic collapse if it doesn΄t make progress on its deficit-cutting agenda needed to secure fresh international aid.
In a starkly worded speech to parliament, Venizelos also acknowledged that the country would have to take further austerity measures to meet its budget goals, as required by its international creditors.

“We have not fully understood the danger (we face), that the system could cease operating, that the national economy could cease operating,” he said.
His remarks come after two days of discussions with the European Union, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank concluded late Tuesday on new deficit busting measures the country must take.
(source: Dow Jones)
Source : http://greece.greekreporter.com/2011/09/21/finance-minister-greece-faces-risk-of-economic-collapse/

mercredi 21 septembre 2011

Mauvaise nouvelle pour Athènes : les Etats-Unis veulent tripler le volume de leurs échanges commerciaux avec la Turquie (selon le sous-secrétaire d'Etat américain au Commerce)

    EUROPE BUSINESS NEWS
    SEPTEMBER 19, 2011, 1:16 P.M. ET

U.S. Seeks to Strengthen Trade Ties With Turkey

By JOE PARKINSON

ISTANBUL—The U.S. is seeking to triple trade with Turkey over the next five to six years, the U.S.'s undersecretary of state for trade and commerce, Francisco Sanchez, said Monday, underlining Washington's commitment to anchor an increasingly assertive ally at odds over Israel.
Speaking at a news conference in Istanbul after attending the inaugural meeting of the Turkey-U.S. business council, an advisory group to boost commercial ties, Mr. Sanchez said business links between Washington and Ankara had "never been better," singling out Turkey's energy sector as a potential target for future U.S. investment.

"I'd like to see us triple [trade] in the next five or six years. I think it's very doable," Mr. Sanchez said, adding that "I don't believe any two partners will ever agree 100% on everything. The key is to look at how we manage those differences."


The business council was launched in part out of recognition that for strategic allies, the two nations had relatively weak trade ties. But data show that trade between the U.S. and fast-growing Turkey has begun to strengthen. In 2010 bilateral trade swelled to a record $15 billion, while the first seven months of this year have already seen $12 billion in trade volumes, Mr. Sanchez said. Turkey's economy expanded 11% in the first half of 2011 compared with a year earlier, outstripping China to post the fastest growth of any G-20 economy.

The call for strengthening commercial ties comes at a politically sensitive moment for the longtime allies, who wield the two largest militaries in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Diplomatic tensions have escalated rapidly between Turkey and Israel—Washington's closest partners in the region—most recently over Israel's refusal to apologize for an operation to board a Gaza-bound ship last year that killed nine activists, eight of whom were Turkish citizens and one Turkish-American. Ankara expelled top Israeli diplomats, cut military ties and vowed to send navy vessels to escort aid ships in the future.

That has coincided with Turkey showing signs of trading its vaunted "zero problems with neighbors" foreign policy for a more muscular approach, bidding to become the leading power in the Middle East and North Africa.

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has set similar goals to boost trade with partners around the Middle East. Last week he pledged in Cairo to triple trade and investment with Egypt, after signing ambitious, if largely political, energy agreements.

The U.S.'s Mr. Sanchez acknowledged that political challenges could burden efforts to boost commercial ties, but stressed that the importance of the relationship for both parties meant solutions could be found.

"There is no challenge that can overcome the importance of this relationship. You can see it in the numbers; we have a growing and vibrant relationship. This relationship is too important and too valuable to the U.S. and Turkey," the undersecretary said.

The potential for such challenges was on display Monday as U.S. company Noble Engineering Inc. began exploratory drilling for gas off the southern coast of divided Cyprus, ignoring Turkish warnings that it would retaliate by launching its own explorations in the eastern Mediterranean.

Mr. Sanchez wouldn't comment on the Texas-based company's operations, and brushed off questions over how the U.S.'s fast-sinking popularity in Turkey could hamstring its efforts to boost business collaboration, stressing that the commercial objectives of the allies were aligned.

The latest global poll by the Pew Research Center in May showed that the lowest approval rating for the U.S. of six Muslim nations surveyed was in Turkey—at just 10%, down from 17% last year. U.S. President Barack Obama didn't fare much better, with only 12% of Turks expressing confidence for the U.S leader, against 73% who didn't.

Write to Joe Parkinson at joe.parkinson@dowjones.com
Source : http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111903374004576580762778734264.html

Un camouflet pour les Grecs : les Américains laissent la Turquie et la RTCN signer un accord important en plein New York

Dépêches Aujourd'hui à 18h37
Ankara signe avec Chypre-Nord un accord pour des forages de gaz offshore

ISTANBUL (AFP) - La Turquie a signé mercredi un accord avec la République autoproclamée de Chypre du Nord pour entamer des forages offshore de gaz et de pétrole, a annoncé l'agence de presse officielle turque Anatolie.

La Turquie et la République turque de Chypre nord (RTCN) ont signé ce document à New York, en marge de l'assemblée générale de l'Onu, pour répondre à la décision de la République de Chypre, qui a commencé ses propres explorations.

Le document, qui délimite les zones maritimes, a été signé par le Premier ministre turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan et le président de la RTCN Dervis Eroglu, dont l'entité n'est reconnue que par la Turquie.

M. Erdogan avait qualifié quelques heures plus tôt de "folie" le lancement de ces explorations par les Chypriotes grecs de la République de Chypre, malgré les avertissements de la Turquie.

Interrogé si l'option militaire était envisagée par son pays contre ces explorations chypriotes-grecques, il avait répondu: "Pas encore".

Mais il avait réaffirmé que les explorations et forages turcs se feraient sous escorte militaire.

La Turquie estime que les explorations chypriotes-grecques reviennent à "saboter" les négociations en cours entre dirigeants des secteurs turc (nord) et grec (sud) de Chypre en vue d'une réunification de l'île, divisée depuis 1974.

L'accord signé à New York stipule également qu'Ankara et la RTCN se réservent le droit d'explorer également au large de la partie sud de l'île, si elles l'estiment nécessaire, ce qui pourrait ajouter encore à la tension.

La République de Chypre a signé avec Israël un accord délimitant les zones économiques exclusives entre les deux pays en Méditerranée, afin de continuer à rechercher ensemble des gisements sous-marins dans de gigantesques réserves de gaz localisées dans cette région.

La compagnie américaine Noble Energy a commencé dimanche des explorations gazières au large de Chypre.

Ankara refuse que la République de Chypre -reconnue au plan international- procède à des explorations, arguant que les autorités chypriotes-grecques, qui contrôlent le sud de Chypre, ne peuvent exploiter les ressources naturelles de l'île entière.

L'Union européenne a appelé Ankara à la retenue et les Etats-Unis ont dit soutenir le droit de Chypre aux explorations énergétiques.

© 2011 AFP
Source : http://www.liberation.fr/depeches/01012361236-ankara-signe-avec-chypre-nord-un-accord-pour-des-forages-de-gaz-offshore

Le choix : tutelle des Européens civilisés ou faillite inévitable de la Grèce inutile

mardi 20 septembre 2011
Grèce: La tutelle ou la faillite

Que faire pour aider la Grèce à sortir du marasme ? « Si on n’est pas capable de résoudre le problème d’un pays qui pèse 2 % du PIB de la zone euro, alors tout bascule. Car ce cela remettra en cause tout le projet de stabilisation et d’intégration du continent européen que l’on poursuit depuis 1950 », estime ce responsable européen qui a requis l’anonymat. « La Grèce est un problème modeste, mais c’est un détonateur dans un vaste explosif ». Plusieurs solutions pour redresser les comptes publics grecs sont envisageables. Décryptage.

* Le défaut de paiement

Pour les marchés, c’est acquis, le défaut grec aura bien lieu. Plusieurs partis – surtout minoritaires — de la droite et de l’extrême droite européenne, en Allemagne, aux Pays-Bas, en Autriche, en Slovaquie ou en Finlande militent aussi pour cette solution extrême. Accompagnée ou non d’une sortie de l’euro, c’est selon. Mais la faillite, qui permettrait d’alléger la dette grecque, qui atteint 350 milliards d’euros pour un pays de 11 millions d’habitants (160 % de son PIB), est fermement écartée par la Banque centrale européenne (BCE), la Commission, les gouvernements de la zone euro et le Fonds monétaire international (FMI). Un défaut de paiement de la Grèce « n’est pas une hypothèse de travail, ce n’est pas notre stratégie », a martelé hier François Baroin, le ministre français des Finances. « Ce n’est pas une option », assène un haut responsable de la zone euro.

Certes, la dette grecque est déjà, de facto, en cours de restructuration : les détenteurs d’actions grecques qui les vendent à la BCE se prennent une tôle de plus de 50 % sur la valeur nominale de leurs titres. Surtout, un programme d’échanges de bons d’État grec est en cours, les investisseurs privés acceptant « volontairement » de perdre en moyenne 21 % de la valeur de leurs titres contre de nouvelles obligations sécurisées (soit une vingtaine de milliards d’économie pour la Grèce).

Mais une faillite irait bien au-delà : du jour au lendemain, la Grèce n’aurait tout simplement plus les moyens de payer ses dépenses (par exemple le salaire des fonctionnaires) et cela déclencherait la faillite des banques, les détenteurs de dépôts plaçant leurs avoirs dans des établissements plus sûrs (« bank run »). Les banques européennes exposées à la dette grecque souffriraient aussi et il faudrait les recapitaliser en urgence. Bref, les Grecs, mais aussi les Européens, vivraient des heures terribles.

Athènes n’ayant déjà plus accès aux marchés, le défaut de paiement ne pourrait être décidé que par ses actuels bailleurs de fonds, l’UE et le FMI, lassés par l’absence de mise en œuvre des réformes annoncées. Le problème est qu’une faillite est lourde de dangers : les investisseurs et les détenteurs de dépôts dans les pays de la périphérie de la zone euro (Irlande et Portugal, actuellement sous assistance financière de l’Union, mais aussi Espagne et Italie, la sixième économie du monde) les fuiraient immédiatement, précipitant ainsi des faillites en cascades. Et l’Allemagne et la France n’auraient pas les moyens de les aider, sauf à être touchée à leur tour par la vague de panique. On comprend pourquoi la faillite fait peur.

* Placer la Grèce sous administration européenne

C’est la politique adoptée par la zone euro et le FMI depuis deux ans. En échange de réformes structurelles et d’économies budgétaires, ils fournissent au pays les liquidités dont il a besoin pour assurer ses fins de mois. Le problème est qu’Athènes n’a pas vraiment mis en œuvre les lois adoptées, faute d’une machine administrative efficace : il ne sert à rien, par exemple, d’annoncer des hausses d’impôts si ceux-ci ne sont pas perçus ou de promettre des privatisations si celles-ci ne sont pas effectuées. Hier, Bob Traa, le représentant permanent du FMI en Grèce, a ainsi expliqué qu’il fallait réformer d’urgence l’administration fiscale, augmenter les impôts ne servant à rien.

« Dès le départ, nous aurions dû être sur place de façon permanente afin de vérifier que chaque réforme était concrètement appliquée et non nous contenter de belles paroles », reconnaît un diplomate européen : « Il faut une main de fer pour les aider à bâtir un État en échange de notre aide ». Jean-Claude Juncker, le président de l’Eurogroupe et premier ministre luxembourgeois, avait déjà annoncé la couleur début juillet : « la souveraineté de la Grèce sera énormément restreinte ». Didier Reynders, le ministre belge des Finances, l’a répété samedi : « il faudra probablement les mettre sous tutelle d’une certaine façon ».

Déjà, les privatisions seront effectuées par un organisme indépendant qui comprendra des Européens afin d’éviter des détournements de fonds. De même, les aides régionales, qui seront désormais versées sans participation grecque, seront directement gérées par une « task force » communautaire présente sur place. Il est clair qu’à terme il faudra aller plus loin pour aider les Grecs à construire un État. Hier, le land allemand de Basse-Saxe a ainsi proposé d’envoyer sur place des experts. Ce n’est qu’un début.

Une fois le pays remis sur les rails, la zone euro n’aura sans doute d’autre choix que de faire cadeau de tout ou partie de l’aide financière accordée à la Grèce, c’est-à-dire effacer sa dette, comme on le reconnaît dans les coulisses. En clair, il y aura une sorte de « défaut » dont la facture sera supportée par les contribuables européens et non par les investisseurs. « La Grèce est une faute collective et nous devons l’assumer collectivement », reconnaît un diplomate.

* Créer un « Trésor européen »

« On n’y échappera pas, il faut en être conscient », affirme un haut responsable européen sous couvert d’anonymat : « c’est la prochaine étape ». En clair, la zone euro devra lancer des obligations européennes (« eurobonds »), afin que les marchés ne puissent plus attaquer tel ou tel pays et fragiliser ainsi l’ensemble de la zone euro. Un marché de la dette européenne aurait quasiment la taille du marché américain et offrirait une sécurité incomparable aux investisseurs. Cette idée, dont la paternité revient à Jean-Claude Juncker, est défendue par l’Italie, la Belgique, mais aussi la France. L’Allemagne, qui y reste officiellement opposée, se fait moins virulente, d’autant que les socialistes et les Verts militent ouvertement pour leur création. Les « eurobonds » impliquent un saut fédéral afin d’assurer une vraie tutelle sur les budgets nationaux et un contrôle démocratique des décisions prises à Bruxelles. Le 14 septembre, Franco Frattini, le chef de la diplomatie italienne, n’a pas hésité à appeler un chat un chat : « l'Italie est prête à abandonner autant qu'il le faudra sa souveraineté pour créer un réel gouvernement central européen ». C’est seulement à ce moment-là que la page de la crise de la dette souveraine sera définitivement tournée.



N.B.: article paru ce matin dans Libération, version longue
Source : http://bruxelles.blogs.liberation.fr/coulisses/2011/09/gr%C3%A8ce-la-tutelle-ou-la-faillite.html

Contrairement à l'Irlande et au Portugal, la Grèce est incapable de se redresser économiquement

lundi 19 septembre 2011
La zone euro menace la Grèce de faillite


La Grèce a usé jusqu’à la corde la patience de ses partenaires de la zone euro qui constatent que les réformes annoncées pour redresser des finances publiques en perdition sont soit très partiellement appliquées, soit pas du tout, au point que le déficit public se creuse à nouveau. Le contraste avec l’Irlande, qui a déjà renoué avec la croissance, mais aussi le Portugal est frappant. Réunis à Wroclaw (Pologne), vendredi et samedi, les ministres des Finances de la zone euro ont donc menacé implicitement Athènes de la laisser faire défaut le mois prochain si aucun progrès n’était accompli.

 Les 8 milliards d’euros, représentant la sixième tranche de l’aide de 110 milliards décidée en mai 2010 (à distinguer du second plan de 160 milliards décidé le 21 juillet dernier), ne seront en effet pas versés en septembre : « nous prendrons notre décision sur la prochaine tranche d’aide en octobre en nous fondant sur les déclarations de la troïka » (Commission, banque centrale européenne et Fonds monétaire international), a menacé Jean-Claude Juncker, le président de l’Eurogroupe et premier ministre luxembourgeois. « La balle est dans le camp de la Grèce », a ajouté le commissaire aux affaires économiques et financières, Olli Rehn. Le chemin parcouru par les Européens est immense, eux qui ont toujours écarté une faillite de l’État hellène.

De fait, une partie de la droite européenne, qui est pouvoir dans 14 des 17 pays de la zone euro, considère désormais qu’il vaut mieux laisser purement et simplement tomber la Grèce plutôt que de déverser de l’argent dans un puits sans fond. Ainsi, le petit parti néolibéral slovaque, le SaS, membre de la coalition au pouvoir, a annoncé en fin de semaine dernière qu’il ne voterait pas le second plan d’aide à la Grèce, ce qui prive le gouvernement de majorité au Parlement : « On doit laisser la Grèce aller à la faillite. Certes, les banques subiront des pertes, mais je ne comprends pas pourquoi les contribuables devraient supporter ces pertes », a estimé son président, Richard Sulik. La Slovaquie, un pays plus pauvre que la Grèce, a déjà refusé de participer au premier plan de sauvetage.

En Allemagne, la CSU, la branche bavaroise de la CDU, le parti de la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel, tout comme les libéraux du FDP, membre de la coalition gouvernementale, sont sur la même longueur d’onde. Hier, le vice-chancelier autrichien et ministre des Affaires étrangères, le conservateur Michael Spindelegger, a, lui aussi, envisagé « une faillite de la Grèce » tout en précisant qu’il « fallait avoir à l’esprit ce qu’un tel scénario signifierait pour d’autres pays en difficulté ». Maria Fekter, la ministre conservatrice des finances autrichienne, a envisagé à Wroclaw une telle faillite si « un sauvetage » se révélait « trop onéreux ». Une position qui est aussi celle des Pays-Bas qui vont jusqu’à imaginer une exclusion d’Athènes de la zone euro… Des plaidoyers qui commencent à porter.

Ainsi, les opinions publiques sont lasses de payer pour un pays qui ne semble pas faire d’efforts, alors que la situation économique se détériore. Le revirement le plus spectaculaire a eu lieu en France si l’on en croit un sondage Ifop réalisé pour Dimanche Ouest-France et publié hier : alors qu’en décembre 2010, 69 % des Français étaient favorables à l’aide à la Grèce, ils seraient désormais 68 % à y être opposé, 87 % pensant même que l’aide ne sera jamais remboursée. 90 % des électeurs du Front National y sont hostiles, mais aussi 70 % des électeurs de droite et 58 % des électeurs de gauche. Il faut dire que le gouvernement n’a jamais clairement expliqué l’engagement de la France et ce qui était en jeu : ainsi, le débat à l’Assemblée nationale sur le second plan d’aide qui a eu lieu début septembre a été expédié en moins d’une heure…

Autant dire que la Grèce a désormais le couteau sous la gorge : « nous n’avons aucune marge de manœuvre budgétaire », a reconnu hier le porte-parole du gouvernement grec, Ilias Mossialos. Conscient de l’enjeu, Georges Papandréou, le premier ministre, a décidé d’annuler son déplacement à New York où a lieu, ce mardi, l’assemblée générale de l’ONU. Il présidait, hier, une réunion interministérielle destinée à faire le point sur les réformes. « Tous les Grecs doivent comprendre que si des mesures énergiques ne sont pas prises et appliquées maintenant, ce qui adviendra sera vraiment dramatique et échappera au contrôle de notre pays et peut-être même de la zone euro », a dramatisé à l’issu de l’Eurogroupe Evangélos Vénizélos, le ministre des Finances, qui, jusqu’à présent, était partisan de l’esquive : faire semblant de réformer en pariant que la zone euro paiera pour éviter une crise globale. Le porte-parole du gouvernement grec a, lui, appelé les Grecs à « un consensus national », comme en Irlande et au Portugal, et « à abandonner les confrontations ». C’est mal parti : le syndicat de l’électricité a annoncé qu’il refuserait de prélever la nouvelle taxe immobilière qui doit être prélevée via les factures d’électricité (l’Église orthodoxe y échappe), et la fonction publique devrait à nouveau être en grève le 6 octobre.

Une faillite de la Grèce ferait entrer la zone euro dans un territoire inconnu, d’où la colère de Jacques Delors, l’ancien président de la Commission et père de l’euro, au lendemain de la réunion de Wroclaw : alors que les ministres des Finances sont « dans un paquebot au milieu d’une tempête », ils « ont discuté avec des petits calculs (…) C’est une honte ». « Je porte le deuil aujourd’hui et je suis indigné » : les ministres « ont porté un coup terrible à tous ceux qui, depuis 1948, s’attachent à avoir une vision d’une Europe en paix et d’une Europe prospère », a-t-il ajouté.



N.B.: article paru ce matin dans Libération
Source : http://bruxelles.blogs.liberation.fr/coulisses/2011/09/la-zone-euro-menace-la-gr%C3%A8ce-de-faillite.html

Le Wall Street Journal : la Grèce est un "pays ingouvernable"

    September 19, 2011, 10:42 AM GMT

Greece: Don’t Discount the Role of the Military


By Alen Mattich

Political instability and rebellion have stretched across the Mediterranean’s North African coastline and up to Syria, but why should they stop there? Why should they not stretch to Greece, for example?
It’s worth remembering that Greek generals staged a coup in 1967 and then ran the country as a junta. Democracy wasn’t restored until 1975. That’s not such a long time ago.

The Greek military is still a very significant force in the country. Greece spends more on its armed services as a percentage of GDP than any other European Union country–3.2% against an EU average of 1.6%, according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute data.

The day Greece runs out of money–barring yet another massive infusion from the EU, the ECB and the IMF–draws closer by the day. When bureaucrats don’t get paid, they down tools and go on strike. But what happens when the money stops flowing to the army?

In June a report from the CIA concluded that a military coup was possible in Greece. This was picked up business blog Business Insider, for instance.

Every incremental piece of reporting from Athens shows how ungovernable the country is. Tax collectors are refusing to do their jobs. Companies and households are lying about their incomes as never before to minimize the tax that they do end up paying. A desperate government is trying to raise taxes through peoples’ electricity bills, but the electricity unions say they won’t enforce the collections.

Greece can’t even cut its workforce. According to an article in today’s Wall Street Journal, Greece, which agreed to lay off 80,000 public-sector workers over the next four years back in March, also happened to hire 25,000 workers over the past two years.

There is ample reason to believe that Greece will make the requisite promises to get the money from the troika to tide itself over for the next few months. The Greek government’s intentions may well be honorable. But it has failed to keep its obligations so far, not least because imposing yet more austerity on a contracting economy just reinforces the downward spiral. More money now merely postpones default.

The only successful alternative would be for Germany to take on Greece’s obligations in the form of a euro-zone bond and unified fiscal system for the single currency. The problem here is enforcement. German voters are already irritated at being taken for a ride by what they see as the feckless periphery.

Would they be willing to pump ever more money into an economy over which they have no control and which they distrust? Because a euro-zone bond inside the current structure of the euro with its existing membership means more or less permanent transfers from the core to the periphery.

Could Greece default and remain in the euro zone? Some commentators suggest this would be possible, though, once again, without a euro-zone bond, Greece would not only be shut out of the markets but would have to deflate its way to competitiveness very rapidly and then continue to have to live with onerous constraints imposed by a monetary policy geared towards the German economy.

And austerity would cause yet more chaos on Greek streets and give the military yet more incentive to intervene.


Especially if its own position was being eroded.

Is a military coup likely in Greece? Maybe not. But it’s a possibility that can’t be discounted. And if that were to happen, how happy would the European Union be to have a military dictatorship as part of its club?
Source : http://blogs.wsj.com/source/2011/09/19/greece-dont-discount-role-of-military/

Vidéo : le grotesque Premier ministre grec Papandréou est la risée des dirigeants turcs

mardi 20 septembre 2011

Le ministre des Finances grec Evangelos Venizelos accuse l'UE : la Grèce aurait été utilisée comme un "bouc-émissaire", "soumise au chantage et humiliée"

19 September 2011 Last updated at 21:11 GMT

Greece says debt talks to avert default 'productive'

Greece says it has held "productive and substantive" talks with its debt inspectors aimed at deciding if Athens should get more bailout money.

Discussions between Greece, the International Monetary Fund and European authorities will resume on Tuesday.

No further details of Monday's three-hours talks were made public.

Global markets tumbled on Monday amid fears Greece will default and a call from the IMF for deeper spending cuts.

Monday evening's teleconference was between the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Mr Evangelos Venizelos, and senior representatives of the Troika - the name for the European Central Bank, European Commission, and IMF.

There is concern among Greece's international creditors that it is not doing enough to get its spending under control and to warrant the next 8bn-euro (£7bn; $11bn) instalment of its rescue loan.

On Monday the IMF told Greece it needs better tax collection and deeper spending cuts, not higher taxes, to avert a debt default.

Fears that Greece will default and send shockwaves through the global economy saw stock markets tumble, and the euro fall and oil prices fall.

The FTSE 100 index closed down 2% and France's Cac fell 3%. On Wall Street the Dow Jones recovered from earlier heavy losses to end 0.9% lower.

Athens needs the next tranche of bailout aid by next month to avoid defaulting on its debt.

The loan comes with the condition that Greece dramatically reduce its deficit, something that it plans to do by cutting the size of the state sector through redundancies, pay cuts and privatisations.

The IMF representative for Greece, Bob Traa, who is in Athens, said this was of crucial importance: "The public sector is very large. Another central element in our view must be to reduce public sector spending.

"This will inevitably require the closure of inefficient state entities as well as reductions in the excessively large public sector workforce and generous public sector wages, which in some cases are above those of the equivalent private sector workers."
Property tax

Greece is also proposing an emergency property tax, to be paid through household energy bills.

However, Mr Traa said this was not a good idea.

"In our view, you should not be drawn to higher and higher taxes on the limited tax base," he said. "This will neither be economically or politically sustainable."

He said a more efficient tax system would be more helpful and called for a "much stronger resolve to tackle the problem of tax evasion".

"Greece cannot achieve the consolidation through spending cuts alone.

"The increase in revenues... must come from improving collection rather than by increasing or by introducing new taxes."

The chairman of the Athens Chamber of Commerce, Constantine Michalos, said the danger from new taxes could be social breakdown.

"In periods of recession the imposition of new taxes aggravates and increases unemployment, and if we reach the 20% unemployment level then economically there is an imminent risk that social cohesion will explode," he said.

European finance ministers also told Greece last week that they doubted the property tax would be successful and that more cuts would be more effective.

According to an apparent email to the Greek government and published by an Athens newspaper, the Troika of the EU, European Central Bank and IMF have listed 15 measures to be implemented.

These includes demands that Greece make 100,000 employees in state-controlled companies redundant, which is 20,000 more than previously planned.

The continuing crisis has again unsettled financial markets, with share markets in Europe and the US down by more than 2% on Monday.

Earlier, Mr Venizelos said European and international institutions were using Greece as a "scapegoat" to "hide their own lack of competence to manage the crisis".

In a statement, Mr Venizelos also said that Greece had been "blackmailed and humiliated".


He said that to stop this situation, the country had to move ahead with its deficit reduction work so it could meet its financial targets.

Mr Venizelos said: "If we want to stabilise the situation... we have to make three large strategic decisions as part of our national strategy."
The three strategic decisions he highlighted were:

    Greece achieving its 2011 and 2012 fiscal targets
    Achieve annual budget surpluses "as soon as possible"
    Carry out structural changes to allow Greece to become more competitive and productive

'Negative stereotype'

The EU and IMF agreed 110bn euros of bailout funds for Greece in May last year.

A further 109bn euros was provisionally agreed in July this year, but this still needs ratifying by a number of parliaments in eurozone member states.

On Sunday, the Greek government held cabinet crisis talks over what new austerity measures to put in place to help secure its next EU-IMF loan instalment.

It had been due to get the go-ahead to receive 8bn euros this month, but eurozone leaders delayed the decision until October following concerns that Greece was not doing enough to reduce its spending.
Source : http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-14969034

Voir également : Ils ne peuvent pas s'empêcher de mentir : le parlementaire grec Simos Kedikoglou reproche à l'UE d'être responsable de la crise que traverse son pays

Le ministre des Finances grec Evangelos Venizelos nie l'évidence : "La Grèce n'est pas le paria de l'Union européenne, elle n'est pas une plaie et un problème permanents", mais un "pays équivalent, compétitif" (sic)

Selon les experts, il n'y aura pas d'alliance concrète entre Israël, Chypre et la Grèce, en raison de la dette et des troubles politiques

Is "new Turkey" rising after Arab unrest

English.news.cn   2011-09-15 01:52:08

By Oussama Elbaroudi and Rahul Venkit

BRUSSELS, Sept. 14 (Xinhua) -- As Turkey continues to assert its power in the Arab world, it is being met by growing concern in Israel and its Western allies.

Earlier this week, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayep Erdogan began a tour of Egypt, Libya and Tunisia, three countries whose former regimes have been swept away in unrest of varied extent.

Experts, academics and diplomats are currently getting to grips with the relatively new phenomenon of Turkey reassuming its historical role in a region it shaped for centuries under the Ottoman empire until World War II.

However, some observers note that Turkey's sudden thrust into the international spotlight and playing the "big brother" in the region is more a matter of timing than a conscious change of foreign policy.

For its part, the Israeli government is condemning Ankara for pursuing a neo-Ottomanist foreign policy in the Middle East. This marks a departure from the "zero-problems-with-neighbors" policy of Turkish Foreign Minister, and arguably Erdogan's right-hand man, Ahmet Davutoglu. In the past, Turkey's more conservative and compliant stance in international affairs meant it sometimes acted against national interests.

For example, Turkey supported the war in Iraq in 2003 under pressure from the U.S. despite fierce opposition from conservative voters within the country. Erdogan's challenge was trying to assert Turkey's own role as a dominant player in the region, while appeasing the West not in the least to counter the European Union's (EU) unspoken rejection of Turkey as a full member.

"Turkey has always used its foreign policy toward the Arab world as a business card to the European Union, but it failed," said Dorothee Schmid, researcher at the Paris-based policy institute IFRI.

Despite Turkey having good relations -- politically and economically -- with the fallen regimes in Egypt, Tunisia and Libya, it was swift to adapt to the region's new political landscape.


Commentators point out that the new rulers in the three countries are keen to associate themselves with Turkey given its reputation as a democratic, stable and moderate Islamic nation. Its ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) is said to be an "ideological lighthouse", having been credited with proving that democracy and Islam can not only coexist but also prosper.

Let's not forget economics. "With business between Ankara and Arab countries accounting for nearly 20 percent of Turkish GDP, Turkey wants to ensure good relations not only for diplomacy but also for trade purposes," added Schmid.

Turkey and Israel butting heads

Despite being traditional allies, relations have soured between Ankara and Tel Aviv since the 2008 bombing of the Gaza strip and the flotilla incident last year when 9 Turkish humanitarian workers were gunned down by the Israeli military when they defied a blockade to deliver aid to Gaza.

Since then, Turkey has taken a series of actions against Israel such as expelling its ambassador from Ankara and suspending military agreements.

Furthermore, Erdogan is taking the Gaza blockade issue to the International Courts of Justice and is fast becoming the most vocal supporter of Palestine's bid for recognition at the United Nations later this month.

"Recognition of the Palestinian state is the only correct way. It is not a choice but an obligation. Let's raise the Palestinian flag and let that flag be the symbol of peace and justice in the Middle East," the Turkish Prime Minister told Arab league ministers on Tuesday.

"As long as Israel does not apologize, they cannot expect of us any normalization of relations," Erdogan added.

Such strong words show that Israel needs Turkey more than the other way around, commentators say. Israel has since tried sticking to its guns with Turkey while hoping western allies would calm down Erdogan, a policy that has failed thus far.

"Bold statements against Israel appears to be the easiest solution for Erdogan to enhance Turkey's image among Arab countries," Schmid told Xinhua.

"Turkey's newfound assertiveness proves it is driven to stop Israel's perceived bully tactics in the region," she added.

Mediterranean and European alliances

In Egypt, Turkey has found a strong regional ally. Egypt's transitional government reopened its border with Gaza in May this year drastically undermining the blockade imposed by Israel since 2006. This puts at stake the stability of Israel's borders, already weakened because of the Arab unrest.

The recent attack on the Israeli embassy in Cairo was yet another stark reminder of the challenges the Jewish state faces in the region.


"The Turkish government is creating for itself a regional leadership role by capitalizing on public sentiment on Palestine at the expense of relations with Israel," said Kadri Kaan Renda, research fellow at the Centre for Strategic Research and Analysis in Istanbul.

However, what makes the ongoing tension particularly alarming is that political skirmishes between Israel and Turkey have turned into a tug-of-war in the eastern Mediterranean.

In order to counter the influence of Cairo and Ankara, Israel is turning to Greece and Cyprus, negotiating new deals to export energy and gas to Europe.

Turkey responded by issuing the following statement. "Israel has proclaimed its right to operate in exclusive economics zone in the eastern Mediterranean. You will see that Israel will not have this exclusive right because Turkey as the guarantor of the Northern Republic of Cyprus has already taken measures in the sector," Erdogan said last week.
Experts do not believe that this new Tel Aviv-Nicosia-Athens alliance will be a major player given the debt crises and public protests its governments face.
While the West is expected to align itself with Israel as it has done in the past, the diplomatic crisis has put the U.S. in an uncomfortable situation. The U.S. relies on Turkey to help stabilize a post-war Iraq and act as a bridge to Iran.
Furthermore, the Obama administration has of late slapped Israel on the wrists when it was seen to be crossing the line, more so than the previous Bush regime ever did. This new U.S. outspokenness against Israel is something Turkey has taken full advantage of, feel analysts.

Meanwhile, Europe continues to offer moral and practical support to the Middle East. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton is said to be in regular contact with Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, having recently paid a visit to the region to pledge the bloc's support to the reconstruction and nation-building efforts there.

But few think the EU will directly mediate between Turkey and Israel. "I doubt the EU will make any statement because that's an extremely sensitive topic. Europe has not even been involved in the investigations into the Maramara Flotilla incident," said Amanda Paul, researcher at the European Policy Centre in Brussels.

Editor: Mu Xuequan
Source : http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-09/15/c_131138875.htm

Le ministre des Finances allemand Wolfgang Schäuble : les Grecs doivent arrêter leur délire

Greece must get real, says German FM

    by (Reuters)             18 Sep 2011

"Membership in a monetary union is an opportunity, but also a heavy burden. Measures for alignment are very difficult. The Greeks must decide whether they want to bear this burden," he told Bild am Sonntag, Germany's top-selling Sunday newspaper.


Bailout payments to Greece come with clear conditions, in order to assist the country in bringing its debt problems under control, Schaeuble said.

"Nobody should be under any illusion: without a positive assessment by the troika of the European Commission, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) that Greece is fulfilling its commitments, the next tranche cannot be paid.

"Therefore the Greeks must be able to present figures that prove they are sticking to the plan."

Schaeuble sought to play down concern about divisions within the coalition over policy toward Greece. The German parliament will vote on additional powers for the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) on September 29.

"There is so clearly a majority in parliament backing a broader EFSF that the vote will be completely unexciting. However the few colleagues who have difficulty with it are getting undue attention in the media," he said.

In the same interview, Schaeuble rapped the leader of the junior coalition party, reminding him that as finance minister he was in charge of euro policy.
Source : http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/11/47623

Grèce : le financement public des universités réduit de 90 %

University funding reduced by 90 percent

State funding for universities and technical colleges (TEIs) will be 90 percent lower than originally planned, the Education Ministry admitted Friday.


The institutions were due to receive a combined total of 144 million euros by the end of the year but this figure has been whittled down over the last few months as a result of constant adjustments to the national budget. Meanwhile, universities have until Wednesday to confirm that they have begun implementing the recent tertiary education reforms approved by Parliament.

Their first move is meant to be setting up a 15-member advisory board that includes six people that are not linked to the university.

ekathimerini.com , Friday September 16, 2011 (21:06)  
Source : http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_16/09/2011_406796

dimanche 18 septembre 2011

L'entreprise pharmaceutique suisse Roche arrête de fournir des hôpitaux grecs en médicaments pour cause de non-paiement

Roche stops deliveries to some Greek hospitals

    by (Reuters)             17 Sep 2011

Swiss drugmaker Roche has halted deliveries of drugs to some state-owned Greek hospitals, the Wall Street Journal reported the company's chief executive as saying.


Roche CEO Severin Schwan told the Wall Street Journal that the hospitals hadn't paid their bills.

Some hospitals "haven't paid their bills in three or four years," Schwan said in a report on the WSJ website. "There comes a point where the business is not sustainable anymore."

Roche is increasing its deliveries to pharmacies in Greece. Schwan told the Journal that patients were not being deprived of medication.

The company may need to take similar action in Spain, he said, and noted that some state-funded hospitals in Portugal and Italy are also late on their payments.

Roche could not be immediately reached for comment.
Source : http://www.athensnews.gr/portal/1/47570

Les Pays-Bas considèrent la banqueroute de la Grèce comme inévitable

Netherlands Considers Greek Bankruptcy Unavoidable


THE HAGUE, 15/09/11 - The Netherlands considers Greek bankruptcy unavoidable, sources at the finance ministry said yesterday on news programme RTL Nieuws.


Greece would not be able to meet all its debt obligations. The question at the ministry is no longer whether but in what way Greece will go bankrupt. The ministry is preparing a controlled way of going bankrupt to prevent other weak eurozone countries like Italy and Spain from running into problems, the sources said.

Faced by the statements from sources at his ministry, Finance Minister Jan Kees de Jager did not want to repeat these in an interview with RTL Nieuws. He did say that all scenarios are being taken into account. In close consultation with other eurozone countries, all likely and unlikely scenarios are currently being prepared, he said.

What exactly will happen if Greece goes bankrupt is unknown, as no country has ever collapsed in this way. A large portion of the Greek banks is expected to go bust and trade with Greece will be temporarily halted. Athens, at least if it wants to cooperate with a solution, will be put under the supervision of the IMF, but Greece will also still be able to involve itself as eurozone country.

Banks in Germany and France are more exposed to Greece than those in the Netherlands. But because banks in Europe are closely interwoven with one another, the chances are that if a French or German bank runs into problems, this will have consequences for ING, for example. This Dutch bank has lent 1 billion euros to the Greeks but is most susceptible to problems in France.

Whether Greece would also pull out of the single currency under bankruptcy is a choice that the Greeks will in principle eventually have to make themselves. Even in bankruptcy, it can be favourable for the Greeks to stay in the euro, because paying off foreign debts in Greek drachmas would likely turn out far more expensive again.

The leftwing Greens (GroenLinks) want De Jager to give an explanation on the question in the Lower House as quickly as possible. Small Christian party ChristenUnie and the Socialist Party (SP) agree with the finance ministry that a bankruptcy is inescapable. Other parties had not yet reacted.

Rabobank also openly expressed the expectation that Greece will go bankrupt yesterday. "The question is only when," said CFO Bert Bruggink in Het Financieele Dagblad newspaper. The financial director also declared that "politicians have the key in their hands for this crisis."
Source : http://www.nisnews.nl/public/150911_1.htm

Le nombre de SDF grecs s'accroît

Number of homeless Greeks grows

 The population living on the streets has increased by 25 pct to 17,000-20,000 over just the past two years
By Ingrid Melander & Renee Maltezou

After 18 years cooking moussaka and roast lamb in restaurants around Greece, Petros Papadopoulos prepares lunch for 50 in a place he never expected to end up -- as a resident of a homeless shelter in Athens.

The soft-spoken chef, who admits he is not giving his real name for fear his friends and relatives will find out about his situation, had just bought a flat and was hoping to start a family when his dream was crushed by Greece’s economic crisis.

In 2010, he lost his job to Greece’s worst recession in decades and joined the ranks of tens of thousands of unemployed. When he could no longer afford his mortgage, he lost his home and was forced to roam the streets.

“I felt like I was living in a movie. My life changed 180 degrees. I was lost,” Papadopoulos said, wringing his hands as he recalls how he struggled to find a sleeping place in an abandoned building. “The street is unbearable.”

Officials say the number of homeless in Greece has increased about 20-25 percent in two years, a staggering rise in a country where adult children often live with their parents and pensions traditionally go to supporting young families.

It’s a statistic that resonates across many European countries laid low by the one-two punch of recession and austerity, as rising unemployment, shortages of affordable housing and social benefit cuts push more people over the edge and affect people who thought they were immune.

The clean-cut Papadopoulos, 40, shakes his head in disbelief at the year he spent sleeping rough before finding a bed in the shelter. His two brothers -- his only close family -- were too hard hit by the crisis themselves to be able to help him for long.

“I never thought this could happen to me. I later realized how thin the line is,” Papadopoulos said. “It can happen to anyone. We are all potentially homeless.”

‘Cheated’

In contrast to the old cliche of the disheveled homeless man with mental health or drug problems, Papadopoulos is part of a new generation of Greeks who have fallen victim to the benefit cuts meant to stave off the country’s deep debt crisis.

“The population of the homeless has changed,” said Aris Violantzis, a psychologist at the Klimaka NGO. “It’s usually middle-aged people, in their productive years, who thought everything was going fine and they did the right things. They feel cheated,” he added.

At the Klimaka shelter, about 50 people, most of them men, chatted, played backgammon or watched TV while waiting for the meal of pasta and meat that Papadopoulos cooked to be served on plastic plates.

The first to knock on the shelter’s door were those who used to work in the sectors hardest hit by the recession, such as construction. Lambros, a former plasterer, has not told relatives that he slept in his car for three months after he was fired last Christmas, before finding a bed at the shelter.

“I don’t want them to know,” the 55-year-old said with tears in his eyes. “I would feel bad, and so would they.”

Poverty has visibly increased on the streets of the capital of 4 million, where people huddle in sleeping bags in empty alleys and can be seen rummaging through garbage containers, looking for food or scraps of metal or glass to sell.

Klimaka estimated the population living on the streets in Greece has increased by 25 percent to 17,000-20,000 over the past two years. The Athens municipality service for the homeless, where dozens queue every day for a meal, also reported a rise of about 15-20 percent.

With Greek unemployment now over 16 percent, the new homeless come from all walks of life.

“The family and social solidarity overall are suffering... I have never seen anything like this before, it is as if each man is on his own,” Violantzis said.


Across the Ionian Sea in Italy, which is also introducing more austerity to stave off a fiscal crisis, charity workers tell a similar tale for the homeless and say traditional family solidarity there is strained.

“There are more people in the gray zone that are not living in extreme poverty but can’t get to the end of the month with the income they have, such as one-parent families and the elderly,” said Francesca Zuccari of the Sant’Egidio charity.

The country’s most active poverty relief group, the Catholic body Caritas, reports a 25 percent increase in those seeking its help between 2009 and 2010 and a 40 percent rise in new cases, the strongest increase in many years. Many are divorced and separated men.

“More people are splitting up and the economic crisis has lowered real incomes, increased unemployment and worsened the housing situation,” said Caritas spokesman Renato Molinaro.

Weaker groups such as migrants and youths are especially at risk across Europe, said the European federation of NGOs working with the homeless, FEANTSA.

“There are more and more people who were definitely not in danger of becoming homeless that are actually there now,” said Karolina Krzystek, policy officer at FEANTSA. Many of them are unaccounted for, sleeping temporarily on a friend’s couch or in overcrowded flats.

In Spain, which has the highest unemployment rate in the European Union at more than 21 percent and imposed stringent belt-tightening measures to avoid having to ask for a eurozone bailout, the number of people in homeless shelters increased 15.7 percent from 2008 to 2010, according to official data.

Better times

The issue is not just restricted to countries at the center of the eurozone’s debt crisis. The number of homeless families in Britain, which is not in the eurozone, rose by 10 percent to 44,160 households in the past year, the first increase since 2004.

The biggest issue in Britain, which embarked on austerity cuts last year, is the lack of affordable housing, a spokeswoman for homelessness charity Shelter said.

“More and more people are being priced out of homeownership and private rents are rising. The cuts to housing benefits are going to put a massive strain on people,” she said.

A chronic housing shortage and high unemployment are also contributing to the problem in France. The managers of the Abbe Pierre Foundation and social section of the French Red Cross, two of the country’s largest associations dealing with homelessness, said the number of homeless people had risen to 130,000-150,000 in early 2011 from just over 100,000 in 2008.

The Red Cross’s Didier Piard said there had been a “drastic rise” since 2007 in three categories -- youths falling on hard times soon after leaving home, pensioners with dwindling buying power and asylum seekers.


“Many of these are people who would never have been on our radar before, who worked continuously throughout their lives,” he said. “For the pensioners, all of sudden they find themselves living on tiny amounts, unable to keep up with rising rents, bills and food payments.”

Abbe Pierre’s general director, Patrick Doutreligne, said that cuts to social programs and funding for aid associations were pushing many lower- and middle-income people over the edge into poverty and intermittent homelessness. “The most striking category of new homeless are pensioners. Just as all their expenses begin to rise, they are struck by a dramatic reduction in their buying power. A shocking number have to appeal to social services and associations for help with food and housing.”

Emergency funding is usually still available to help people get food and a place to sleep but longer-term plans to help reintegrate the homeless back into society have often been scrapped in the name of spending cuts, says FEANTSA’s Krzystek.

“People might not be freezing on the street but they don’t find permanent lodging either,” she said. “There is the thinking that the homeless are so far away from the mainstream labor market that ... [they] can wait for now in shelters and we’ll see when better times come.”

In Athens, Papadopoulos knows getting back on track will be tough but he knocks on doors and looks through the job advertisements in the newspaper every day, hoping for the best. “My plans for a home and a family may have collapsed,” he said. “But this is still my dream.”
  
  
ekathimerini.com , Wednesday September 14, 2011 (19:44) 
Source : http://ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_wsite1_1_14/09/2011_406343

La ministre des Finances autrichienne Maria Fekter préfère un lâchage du boulet grec plutôt que la poursuite de la perfusion

Grèce : l'Autriche n'exclut pas la faillite
Mis à jour le 16/09/2011 à 09:52 | publié le 16/09/2011 à 09:52

La ministre autrichienne des Finances, Maria Fekter, n'a pas exclu vendredi qu'une faillite de la Grèce soit une solution préférable à un sauvetage trop onéreux, à son arrivée à une réunion avec ses homologues européens à Wroclaw, en Pologne.

"Nous poursuivons sur notre voie de manière résolue" mais "si nous devions avoir une situation montrant qu'elle est plus onéreuse qu'une alternative" comme le défaut de paiement, "nous devrions réfléchir à cette alternative", a-t-elle dit, précisant que ce n'était pas encore d'actualité.
Source : http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/2011/09/16/97002-20110916FILWWW00353-grece-l-autriche-n-exclut-pas-la-faillite.php

jeudi 15 septembre 2011

Les feuilletons télévisés turcs à l'eau de rose connaissent un grand succès en Grèce

Turkish soap opera becomes popular in Greece
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Sunday, July 18, 2010
Christos Loutradis
ATHENS - Hürriyet Daily News

A new trend in Greece comes from Turkey and its name is "Binbir Gece" (Thousand and One Nights), a Turkish soap opera.

The soap focuses on a Turkish love story that has magnetized Greece's television audience in such a way that the majority of the Greek press speaks about a Turkish invasion of Greek TV.


It is the second time Binbir Gece has aired on Greek TV and the soap’s story continues to magnetize Greek audiences. Currently Binbir Gece is being shown on one of Greece’s biggest TV networks, Ant1, and at prime time, 9 p.m.


The new Turkish mania has become so widespread in Greece that even in the first day of football's World Cup Binbir Gece captured 30.5 percent of viewers while the match between Uruguay and France caught just 28.2 percent. It is the first time that a soap beat the ratings of a soccer match in Greece.


The two leading actors of Binbir Gece plan to visit the Greek island of Santorini for their summer holiday, reported Espresso, a Greek daily. Last month, the two leading actors were on the front pages of the two most prominent gossip magazines of Greece.

Binbir Gece is also the talk of the town among Greeks who try to overcome the consequences of the financial crisis. “To Vima” leading commentator Kosmas Vidos said in his weekend article that not only the model of soap opera between the two countries is similar but also that Binbir Gece is a good solution for TV networks hit by the crisis.

George Pleios, professor of media at the University of Athens, had a different explanation for soap opera’s success. He said the soap Binbir Gece was not a sign that Greek society realized that the two cultures have a lot in common.

“I think the success of this soap opera shows the growing fear and compassion that the Greek media as well as the society have for the Turkish government and Turkish society,” said Pleios.

“For the Greek public and the media, Turkey is tough to deal with in foreign relations and is full of emotion,” he said. “This emotional aspect is what differentiates Turkey from Europe. Greece has always wanted to be European, even though it has had more in common with non-European societies.

“As a result of Turkey’s leading position in the region, this dichotomy is what leads to the Greek public watching Turkish soap operas to replace the loss of Greek identity in the international arena,” Pleios said.

This is the second time that a Turkish soap opera results high ratings in Greece. The first was the “Borders of Love,” which was about a love story between a Greek man and a Turkish woman.
Source : http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=turkish-soap-opera-becomes-popular-in-greece-2010-07-18
 
Turkish soap operas wind up on Greek televisions
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Monday, August 9, 2010
ATHENS - Anatolia News Agency

Turkish soap operas are expected to attract thousands of viewers in the coming TV season in Greece. According to Greek media news reports, Turkish soap operas in Greece began with “Yabancı Damat” (Foreign Son-in-Law) and peaked with “Binbir Gece” (1001 Nights). Sources said Greek TV channels choose Turkish soap operas more often than United States ones because they are cheaper.

Turkish soap operas “Aşk-ı Memnu” (Forbidden Love) and “Gümüş” (Silver) will be broadcast on Greek TV channels during the coming winter season. “The series have all the criteria to become successful,” Greek bloggers said.

“Binbir Gece” was shown on the Macedonia TV channel in Greece in October 2009 and broke the record for the highest number of viewers. Later on, the series was shown on channel ANT1 and drew 1.1 million people each day.

Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ, star of "Aşk-ı Memnu" which will be broadcast on channel Mega this season, is thought by Greeks to be as handsome as a Hollywood star and will draw great interest from Greek women.
Source : http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=0809113204219-2010-08-09